Teaching Practice No: 3 - (20 August 2013)
Pre-Intermediate - Level A2 level
To provide clarification and practice of present perfect simple in the context of experiences.
To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of experiences.
Procedure (36-55 minutes)
This the warming up stage of the lesson. Inorder for the student to engage in the upcoming activities, they need to be able to relate to the context and simple understand what they need to do. The teacher will tell a short about an experience he had. He will ask the students to define certain aspects of these experiences, like the time it happened, what action had happen, and so on. He will draw a representation of the things that happened and not happened on the whiteboard. Later, he will prompt them with a "present perfect" sentence regarding experiences: "Have you ever ...". After a few more examples and the answer in which the students give to the teacher's questions, it will be time for the next stage.
In this stage, right before the activities, the teacher will explain briefly how present perfect simple sentences, especially in the context of experiences, are formed. This stage is not intended to be too detailed because learning the grammar through written and oral activities prove to be more memorable for the students in the long term.
In this stage, the teacher will give handouts to students which will have present perfect simple sentences. They will need to fill in the brackets with the appropiate verb and the appropiate tense (past simple or present perfect simple). After the given handouts are finished, the answers will be checked with the whole class.
In order to better comprehend how the present perfect simple sentences are formed and to slowly engage in the upcoming oral activities, students will be prompted to roleplay and read the written exercise that they did in the previous stage with their peers.
In this part of the lesson, the students will be given another handout with certain words in which the students will try to turn it into a present perfect simple sentence and ask them to their peers. They will stand up, ask questions and take memos of the answers and will later use it on the next stage of the lesson.
In the last stage of the lesson, the students will use the answers to the questions of the previous stage and use them to re-acknowledge the answers that their peers have given to them. Students will be engaged in a whole class discussion which aims to improve their speaking fluency and quality.
At the last section of the lesson, the teacher will connect the context of the lesson to a friend whom he has. This person has experienced a lot in life but still hasn't found what he's looking for. The students will be given a worksheet which has the lyrics of U2's "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For". This song has a lot of examples for Present Perfect Simple Tense and it will be an entertaining way for the students to test their understanding of the tense.