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Teaching Practice No: 3 - (20 August 2013)
Pre-Intermediate - Level A2 level

Description

The focus in this lesson is present perfect for experiences. The students will practice using the present perfect tense for experiences that they had with places, objects, people and unusual activities. The main aim of this lesson will be to learn the present perfect tense correctly and use it accordingly in the following speaking activites. The students will be engaged in activites (CCQ's) that will check their understanding of the grammar and notably practice their speaking language with their peers.

Materials

Abc Complete the Dialogue
Abc Practice the Dialogue
Abc Group Question Prompting

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of present perfect simple in the context of experiences.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of experiences.

Procedure

Lead-In Stage (5-10 minutes) • To get the attention of the students and make them engage with the upcoming written and oral activities.

This the warming up stage of the lesson. Inorder for the student to engage in the upcoming activities, they need to be able to relate to the context and simple understand what they need to do. The teacher will tell a short about an experience he had. He will ask the students to define certain aspects of these experiences, like the time it happened, what action had happen, and so on. He will draw a representation of the things that happened and not happened on the whiteboard. Later, he will prompt them with a "present perfect" sentence regarding experiences: "Have you ever ...". After a few more examples and the answer in which the students give to the teacher's questions, it will be time for the next stage.

Grammar Explanation Stage (3-5 minutes) • Clearly and directly explaining how to create present perfect sentences.

In this stage, right before the activities, the teacher will explain briefly how present perfect simple sentences, especially in the context of experiences, are formed. This stage is not intended to be too detailed because learning the grammar through written and oral activities prove to be more memorable for the students in the long term.

Written Exercise Stage (5-7 minutes) • Practising the present perfect simple form with the examples provided.

In this stage, the teacher will give handouts to students which will have present perfect simple sentences. They will need to fill in the brackets with the appropiate verb and the appropiate tense (past simple or present perfect simple). After the given handouts are finished, the answers will be checked with the whole class.

Practising the Written Dialogue (5-7 minutes) • In this stage the students will practice the written dialogue in pairs.

In order to better comprehend how the present perfect simple sentences are formed and to slowly engage in the upcoming oral activities, students will be prompted to roleplay and read the written exercise that they did in the previous stage with their peers.

Question Prompting (7-10 minutes) • In this stage, the students will make present perfect simple sentences and ask them to their peers to improve oral efficiency.

In this part of the lesson, the students will be given another handout with certain words in which the students will try to turn it into a present perfect simple sentence and ask them to their peers. They will stand up, ask questions and take memos of the answers and will later use it on the next stage of the lesson.

Class Discussion (Semi-Controlled) (5-8 minutes) • This will be a whole class discussion stage for the students.

In the last stage of the lesson, the students will use the answers to the questions of the previous stage and use them to re-acknowledge the answers that their peers have given to them. Students will be engaged in a whole class discussion which aims to improve their speaking fluency and quality.

Song Activity (6-8 minutes) • The students will be given a worksheet about a song in which they will fill the correct tense by listening to it

At the last section of the lesson, the teacher will connect the context of the lesson to a friend whom he has. This person has experienced a lot in life but still hasn't found what he's looking for. The students will be given a worksheet which has the lyrics of U2's "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For". This song has a lot of examples for Present Perfect Simple Tense and it will be an entertaining way for the students to test their understanding of the tense.

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