Emilyn Aguana Emilyn Aguana

Third conditional
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn about the third conditional through guided discovery based on elicited examples.The lesson begins with a discussion about regrets and wishes about the past. This is followed by a video showing of a film clip about regrets. After the viewing task, students will have controlled and semi-controlled practice activities of the language and speaking activities about the topic.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of third conditional in the context of regrets as exemplified in the video clip from the film "Click."

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation and discussion in the context of regrets and wishes about the past


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

- Write "regret" on the board. Elicit meaning. - Show SS a photo of an ex-radio Fox announcer who "has fallen on hard times." (HO1) - In an open discussion, ask the questions: "What do you think this man is thinking?" "What do you think he is feeling now?" "What do you think he regrets?" - Give prompt by writing on the board: "If I had spent my money wisely, I would/wouldn't ..." - Nominate SS to speak and write some of their sentences on the board.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a film clip

- In pairs, ask SS to discuss the questions in Task 1: 1. What two things have you done in the past that you regretted? 2. What would you do differently if they could go back in time? -SS discuss ideas with partners for 2-3 minutes. -Monitor, then FB. Get a number of SS to share their ideas with the whole class. (2 min) - Tell SS they are going to watch a scene from the film "Click." - Tell SS they are going to answer Task 1 after viewing the clip. - Give students Task 1 and give them time to read the questions in Task 2: 1. How does he feel about his relationship with his father now? 2. Make a list of two things he could be saying to himself now (e.g. If I had spent more time with his father, I would have made him happier.) 3. What would you do if you had a magic remote control that can extend or replay beautiful moments in your lives? -Play the video.

Highlighting (3-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

-Ask SS: "Is the scene in the video about the present, past or future?" Elicit answer. - In pairs, SS discuss their answers to Task 1. - Monitor and help when necessary. - FB. Write on the board a few of SS answers.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

- Write 1 or 2 second conditional sentences and ask students to compare them with the third conditional sentences they wrote in Task 2. - Ask CCQs to elicit meanings of the sentences. - Elicit the form. - Drill sentence stress.

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for semi-controlled practice

- Give SS Task 3. SS complete fill in the gaps with the correct verb forms - In Task 4, SS complete the other half of sentences with their own ideas. (e.g. If I had been born a man/woman, .................), - Then ask each other questions: "What would you have done /have happened/ have changed if you had been born a man /woman?"

Free Practice (5-8 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

-Put SS in threes. Tell them they are going to discuss two questions in the group. Give out Task 5. -Go around and monitor during the discussion. Help out when necessary. Note down errors in accuracy. - FB. Write some erroneous sentences students made during the discussion. Elicit corrections. IF there is time: - Tell SS they are going to have a game of consequence chains. - T. models by starting: "If I had been born with superpowers, I would have been superwoman." T. asks the next Ss to continue by saying, "If I had been superwoman, I would/wouldn't...." The chain goes on around the group. - Another chain can be started if time allows.

Web site designed by: Nikue