Ozgur Taskin Ozgur Taskin

Teaching Practice 4 Ozgur
Intermediate level


In this lesson, the students will learn how to use modal verbs to speak about obligations. First they will learn to differentiate between "must" and "should" and then "have to" and "can" will be introduced. They will be deal with increasingly more free exercises and when/if they have difficulties, the teacher will clarify.


Abc Gap-fill Handout
Abc Taboo words handout

Main Aims

  • To speak about obligations or the lack thereof using modal verbs

Subsidiary Aims

  • To use modal verbs when speaking about your own priorities and views


Warmer (2-3 minutes) • To make them think and talk about obligations

I start the lesson with a discussion about rules and regulations related to the classroom. It will give me a chance to check if they are familiar with the use of the modal verbs to describe such rules.

Controlled exercise 1 (6-7 minutes) • To differentiate between "must" and "should"

We start by reading the modal verb structures. I will ask questions to check if they understand the differences. Next, I will check if they know what urgent means. Then the sts do the exercise 1 and do a peer check. We go over the answers and they will have a pair discussion about their priorities for the near future before we move on.

Controlled Exercise 2 (10-11 minutes) • To further practice the use of modal verbs

The students read the text in Exercise 2 and underline the correct modal verbs for the sentences. Then we listen to the text and check answers. The students have another pair discussion about other advantages or disadvantages of working from home. I will be monitoring to see if they have problems with any uses of modal verbs.

Controlled Exercise 3 (2-3 minutes) • To check if the students have learnt the implied meanings of the modal verbs

The students quickly do Exercise 3 to check if they can identify the implied meanings of the modal verbs. Once they are done, they do a quick peer check.

Semi-Controlled Exercise (6-7 minutes) • Further testing the students' ability to use modal verbs

It's pretty straightforward. The students do exercise 4. The teacher monitors them while they do it, especially whether they were careful to use the appropriate tenses. We check the answers, and I clarify if they have any problems.

Free Exercise (13-15 minutes) • To provide a setting where they can use the modal verbs freely

The students will be given a number between 1 and 4. They will form groups with other students who have the same number and will be given a piece of paper with a place name on it which they have to keep secret. They will be asked to write 8 rules that apply to the place while avoiding the use of 5 forbidden words on their lists. They can use modals such as "must, have to, mustn't, can, cannot, don't have to" to paraphrase the rules. When finished the posters will be hung on walls and the sts will move around and try to guess the words.

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