Future time clauses
Future time clases. To guide students to an understanding of the differences in sentences beginning with if, when and as soon as.
To help students more naturally reproduce the "'ll" contraction as used in "i'll," he'll," etc.
Procedure (124-168 minutes)
Direct attention to text about longevity on Okinawa. Ask students what will happen if they eat a healthy diet and exercise a lot? They will live a long time. What happens if they study grammar all day? They get very bored!
Look at the first two pictures. What is happening in the first? A fire. What is happening in the second? A person is running away from the fire. Do buildings always catch on fire? No. But when they do, do people always try to run out? Yes. Repeat this exercise for the second pair of images in a similar vein. PW: Ask students to form sentences of their own describing the third pair of images. Check several responses as a class. Move on to the "when/will" images on p.2. What is happening in the first image? Water is boiling. And in the second? The person is pouring a cup of tea. Do we know the water will boil? Yes. Do we know when? No. Repeat for second pair of images. PW: Ask students to form sentences of their own describing the third pair of images. Check several responses as a class. Move on to "as soon as." What happens at 9 p.m.? Class ends. What will happen when class ends? The teacher will sprint for the door. Are we sure class will end? Yes. What will happen then? Teacher will run for the door. Do we know when? Yes, at 9 p.m. Immediately? Yes! Repeat for second pair of images. PW: Ask students to form sentences of their own describing the third pair of images. Check several responses as a class.
Independent work: Students complete future time clauses worksheet. The task is to identify the correct verb forms for each of the clauses in the sentences. Early finishers can peer check, then have them put on example of each on the white board. These examples, corrected, will be used as the templates for the form exercise.
Class reviews three answers to exercises written on board by students. We correct any errors as necessary via student feedback. Proceed with framing. Does anyone know what we call words like "if," "but," when" and so on? Conjunctions. What are the conjunctions here? If, when, as soon as. OK, how about the parts of the sentence. How many actions are indicated here? Two. What are they? Draw lines in. What do we call a part of a sentence? Clause. And a clause that can work as a sentence by itself? Main clause. One that cannot? A subordinate clause. Draw in lines.
Chorale drilling, group drilling individual drilling.
PW - New pairings. Students ask partners to discuss one of the following questions: What will you do if you win the Lotto or get rich? What will you do when summer begins?: Or: What will you do as soon as you get home this evening? Solicit partner responses if time available.