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TP4 - Grammar (Today and Yesterday)
Elementary, A1 level


In this lesson, SS will have practiced the past form of ‘verb to be’ and ‘can’ through comparing them with their present forms in a listening exercise and via Guided Discovery. After controlled practises, they will have practiced using past form of ‘verb to be’ and ‘can’ in a real life context.


Abc Guided Discovery - Meaning

Main Aims

  • To provide practice of the past simple tense of verb to be and past ability in the context of today and yesterday

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist listening practice using a text about today and yesterday in the context of was, were and could
  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a dialogue in the context of was,were and could


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Show a picture of yourself (present and past) and talk about it. "I am a teacher now, but I wasn't a teacher six years ago. I was a student." "I can dance now, I love Latin dances, but I couldn't dance last year." "I can't run fast, but I could run fast when I was a child." "I am fine today, but I was ill yesterday" "You are at school today, but you were at home yesterday. "My parents weren't in Izmir last month. They were in Antalya." ask a S "Were you at home yesterday?" and SS ask to each other.

Exposure/Listening (4-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a listening task

Reflect the photos of the task "is she young here? what's the name of this sport? Set listening task - show HO - explain before giving (fold the paper like this, we will listen and fill in the gaps...) SS listen - answer the questions w/their pair - monitor closely (listen again if necessary)

Guided Discovery (7-9 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

tell SS to look at the sentences and answer the questions (clarify meaning) complete the rules of present and past verb to be and can in pairs - monitor closely drill "was/were" as strong - weak and drill "could" show connected speeches in sentences.

Controlled Practice #1 (5-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T sets the task for asking and answering questions in pairs Ss work in pairs (A-B) T gives envelops with prompts in it SS asking and answering questions in pairs T monitors and takes notes for delayed error correction if needed -SS change pairs and keep the activity going

Controlled Practice #2 (6-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Give SS HO for filling the gaps SS fill in the gaps w/ correct past form of verb to be and can. Monitor SS closely. SS peer check, get group FB Drill sentences if needed

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language was,were,could

T sets the task by showing HOs to SS, explain what to do "Please stand up, take a pencil with you, I will give you this, and you are going to talk with THREE of your friends, ask questions and write the answers." Ask ICQs for this stage - there are multiple things that they'll do. Monitor each pair closely, take notes for delayed fb. Give fb at the end of fluency activity and get them to correct the mistakes.

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