A1 Elementary level
The main aim of this lesson is language, more precisely practice of Present Simple and Present Continuous Tenses. The focus will be on identifying the differences between these two tenses.
The sub aim of the lesson is speaking. After working on differences between Present Simple and Presenet Continuous, the students will practice their productive skill - speaking, by discussing their family members and friends.
Procedure (46-62 minutes)
As our lesson is mainly based on grammar, I will write on a whiteboard the sentence: "I usually go to work by train, but I'm driving today" and ask which verb is in the Present Simple and which is in Present Continuous. This is to let the students quickly remember the forms of these two tenses.
Before we start the activity on completing the rules, we will quickly go through the adverbs which go with Present Simple and Present Continuous tenses. There are: usually, now, today, sometimes, always, often, normally, at the moment, never, hardly ever, every day. I will draw a timeline and try to elicit which adverbs go with Present Simple/Present Continuous. I will also use an example to explain some words, such as often and hardly ever.
At this stage, I will divide the students into groups and give them the handouts with four sentences which provide the rules. They have to complete them with Present Simple or Present Continuous. Then we will check it as a whole class.
At this stage, we will first quickly do some work on a whiteboard. I will write Present Simple and Present Continuous on a board, then give the students the handouts with adverbs of time and the sentences with the rules. They work in groups and they have to stick the handout which refers to particular tense. For example: "USUALLY" has to be sticked under Present Simple and etc. Then after brainstorming the differnces between these two tenses, they will continue working on another stage.
This time they are given two texts about two people and they have to read it and put the verbs in the correct tense. After they will listen to the recording in order to check their answers.
Finally, after having worked on identifying the differences between two tenses, the students will have a chance to apply their knowledge by speaking. First, they have to write the names of their 2 friends and 2 family members. Then they are given handouts with three questionson it: 1. What does he/she usually do on Friday evening? 2. What does he/she usually do in his/her free time? 3. What is he/she doing at the moment? They have to ask each other these questions in order to practice the target language by speaking.