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TP8/ Grammar(modals) and listening
Intermediate level


In this lesson students will learn about modals: Permission, possibility, ability, obligation, and necessity in both present and past (can, have to, to be allowed to, have got to, mustn't and etc.). So they will also do a short listening as a sub-aim at the end. Finally, just in case of having some more time they will have a conversation some rules in different places such as staying out late, and household chores.


Abc Gap-fill handout
Abc Matching the examples with pictures
Abc Matching the definitions
Abc Listening for specific information
Abc Google images
Abc Teaching Grammar 'modals'

Main Aims

  • By the end of the lesson the students will be able to distinguish between different ‘modals’ and answer some gap fill questions related to the modals.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To practice listening for specific information.
  • To practice speaking for fluency.


Lead-in reading (4-8 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

From the very beginning, the students will be engaged by reading five short examples and following that they will match them with five pictures. Then they will answer three questions related to the texts and check in pairs.

Test of grammar (6-12 minutes) • To engage students' prior knowledge of the target language

I will give five words to match with its definitions and then the answers will be given to them to check and then they will be asked to answer 18 controlled questions to do and then they will check in pairs and after that they will be given their answers and check them again.

Teaching modals (8-12 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

I will put some cut ups on the white board and put some papers on a table in front of the WB and ask them to stand up and put them in the right place which are the 'modals'. Obligation, ability, possibility, permission in both negative and positive form. Then i will ask them to check them carefully if it needs any changes. Following that i will start by showing some pictures on the whiteboard which are the road signs and i will illustrate by asking some CCQs related to the grammar. Am i allowed to cross the red light? No. Can I speak while watching the film at the cinema? No.

Listening for specific information (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language in the context.

I will ask the students to read the questions of practice 1, and then they will listen to the audio CD to fill the gaps with modals. Upon finishing it, they will check in pairs if they are correct.

Speaking for fluecy (2-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

They will have almost 5 minutes to talk about the following question with their peers. Did you have friends whose parents were strict / more liberal than your own? in what ways did their rules differ?

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