Omar Hafez Omar Hafez

Could, had to, didn't have to (modern medicine )
pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson students will learn the meaning, form and pronunciation of ( could, couldn't, had to, didn't have to) in the context of health and modern medicine using the TTT approach, they will also be given the chance to practice it, followed by a speaking exercise. by the end of the lesson student will have leaned how to use the TL and they will have practiced talking about inventions and discussed the reason of their choices.


Abc HO, L.Clandfield,Global, pre-in
Abc HO
Abc HO,e-workbook, L.Clandfield,Global, pre-in

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of ( could, couldn't , had to, didn't have to ) in the context of Modern medicine

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice in a ( could, couldn't , had to, didn't have to ) in the context of Modern medicine


Test #1 (3-3 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

Student's will be given a small test to see how well they Understand the TL followed by peer-check FB then WC FB basing on the results of this test the lesson's stages given time will be modified

Teach (language clarification) (3-12 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

clarifying the meaning, form and Pronunciation, however, if the students do well in the exam we'll just run through meaning and for quickly, and work on pronunciation more IF necessary Our marker sentences will be ( They Had to open it- he could see the bones-they put a warning)

Form test/ practice (3-7 minutes) • Check students'understanding of the form of the target language

Turkish students tend to make mistakes with the form especially if the TL is in the past tense, even if they completely understand the form. students will be given a HO of a controlled exercise to check their understanding of the form and help them practice it. *** if the clarification stage took some time assuming the students will have problems with the meaning and form, this stage will be skipped***

Semi-controlled practice (10-12 minutes) • To review medicine related vocabulary students have learned from the lesson before and provide them with practice of the TL

Students will be give a HO with 8 pictures and 8 words which they will have to match individually and then check their answers with their partners (this exercise will allow them to review some of the vocabulary they've learned the lsson before) then student will be given an example sentence (e.g. before they invented wheeled beds, nurses had to carry patients from one place to another) and ask students to use this modal sentence to talk to their partners about the 8 inventions in the exercise given to them before given some error correction FB

Free practice (16-17 minutes) • ( Pyramid discussion )To provide students with free speaking practice of the target language

*** this stage will be cut short or stretched depending on the time we have left *** in this stage, students will be asked to agree on a list of 5 of the most important inventions in the world with their partner, then pairs will be asked to agree on 5 out of 10 .... etc. followed by FB ( students justifying their choices and then error correction

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