David Manuel Valentim Bembele David Manuel Valentim Bembele

Perfet verb forms
Advanced Block 1 level


In this lesson students will revise the perfect verb forms through guided discovery by reading a text about a murder trial in a neighbouring country. The lesson will start with a short discussion prompted by the teacher using eliciting to engage the students. Then they will read a newspaper article extract which will be followed by grammar activities before moving into a debate around the trial.


Main Aims

  • To revise perfect verb forms

Subsidiary Aims

  • To practise skimming and scanning
  • To practise giving oppinion and supporting a point of view in an argument


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I will start the lesson with a short discussion around the following question: Is it a good idea to allow people to own a gun? Why?/Why not?

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text

The teacher will pre-teach the following words: trial (by defining and giving examples), firearm (by giving examples), convict (by giving examples), scrum (by giving a situation and examples), prompting tears (by defining), hastily (by giving a synonym) and adjourn (by giving a synonym) - these techniques will be applied if eliciting meaning from learners fails to produce correct answers. This aims to smooth the language and make it easier for the learners to understand the text. Then learners will quickly read the text and find answers to the following questions: 1. How many does the athlete face? 2. Why does the judge say that the athlete acted hastily?

Highlighting (2-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I will ask the learners to quickly read through the text and underline the perfect verb forms. Also they will have to decide which tenses the forms are in.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

I will elicit the formula of the perfect verb forms present in the text provide pronunciation of the structure and bring situations to help students build sentences using the structures.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students do an exercise with alternate answers where they will have to choose one correct verb form.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Students do a completion work in which they will have to complete sentences with true facts about themselves. Then in pairs they will tell each other the information they have and see if they share something in common.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

In group of three, students discuss and sustain their point of view in the argument. During the exercise they are expected to apply the target language as much as possible and whenever necessary.

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