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The History of Flowers
Upper-Intermediate level


In this lesson,students learn vocabulary and the topic back referencing through the method PPP in a reading lesson.Lesson is generally about receptive skills so the students read the text intensively for deducing meaning from the context.If the time is enough,speaking for fluency exercise is given.


Main Aims

  • Reading and Vocabulary:To give students practice in reading for detail and deducing meaning from context through an article about the history of tulips.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Speaking:To give them practise in speaking for fluency and show them the pronounciation of some key words from the text.


Warmer/Lead-in (7-10 minutes) • To set the context and engage students.

*Engage the students by showing them two flowers. *Elicit them the answers of the CCQ's below for a nice introduction to the topic the history of flowers. - What are these? -Do you like flowers and, what is your favourite flower? -What flowers are you familiar with?(tulips,roses,daisies,magnolias etc.) -Have you ever grown a flower? -Have you heard a flower festival in Netherlands?What was it? *Explain the Tulip Festivals both in Turkey and Netherlands and elicit their comments to personalize the topic. *Give a framework about the paper you will hand out where they will see 7 bold words,They are the synonyms of the main words so tell them the tick the right word after seeing the pictures. *Elicit the words and write them on the WB. *Ask the word formation and write them with a different color.

While-Reading (8-10 minutes) • To understand the content through gist reading.

*Tell the students to work in pairs and hand out the reading passage The History of Flowers. *Demonstrate them the handout and A students will read the first part of the text,B students will read the second part. *Ask ICQ's and make sure the students understand the instruction. -Are you all reading the same part? or different parts ? -Are you working in pairs or individually? *Give them 3 minutes for reading. *Tell them work in pairs to answer the question in 4 minutes. *To make sure their understanding of the questions tell them only look at the questions and understand them. *Elicit the answers and give feedbacks if necessary.

Back Referencing (14-18 minutes) • To check their understanding to see the process through pre-reading

*Do ex.5d.and tell the students A and B to read their pairs' part of the text quickly and then ,check their answers on ex.5a to get some quick WCFB to check their ideas. *Give a short summary of what a back reference is and give a short example using eliciting. -Can you tell me the bold words?(Write some on WB) -Why are they written bold or What is the meaning of ''which'' for example? *Hand out some sentences and wait them to match as GW elicit the ideas. *Do ex.6.a Back referencing Individually.After finishing,do a peer-checking. *Elicit the ideas from 6a to check if there is a problem about the comprehension. *Do the ex.6b together as further practice.Get WCFB

Post-Reading/Who is the first game. (5-7 minutes) • To check if they remember the exact points of the text.

*Do a competition game and tell them play individually. *Prepare some questions from the text and stick the answers to the WB. *Tell everyone that everybody will race for himself/herself,it is not a group or pair work. *Fire questions at them ,first student wit correct answer gets a point. *Check the stresses of the key words if you have time(cultivate,botanist,a botanical garden,confetti,currency)

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