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Grammar 2
Intermediate B1 level


In this lesson students will learn how to use the past simple and past continuous in the context of narrative forms.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of the past simple and past continuous for use in narrative forms in the context of bad days/unlucky events

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation using the past simple and past continuous in the context of bad days/unlucky events
  • To provide gist reading practice using a narrative text containing the past simple and past present in the context of bad days/unlucky events


Warmer/Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Students will look at the image on screen of a Japanese football player from a recent match against Spain and discuss the following questions. (2 minutes) What happened in this picture? Was this a lucky situation or an unlucky one? Whole class feedback. (1 minute)

Exposure (4-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Students will read the text about the man who fell in a river and broke his leg, and decide what they think a suitable headline for the story would be. This is in pairs. (3 minutes) Whole class feedback to share headline suggestions. (2 minutes)

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language and highlight meaning

Students will sort sticky notes into 2 columns: Past Simple or Past Continuous. (3 minutes) Whole class feedback. (1 minute) Answers: Past Simple 1. Finished actions 2. He was at a barbecue restaurant... 3. He survived by drinking water... 4. Regular: verb+ed 5. Negative: didn't + verb (infinitive) Past continuous 1. Events in progress 2. While he was looking... 3. Knowing he was missing... 4. was/were verb+ing 5. Negative: was/were + not + verb+ing

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the form and pronunciation of the target language

Form Exercise 1 (4 minutes) Students will put the elements of the sentence in the right order. Answers: Present Simple Affirmative Subject + past simple verb Present Simple Negative Subject + didn't + infinitive verb Present Continuous Affirmative Subject + was/were + verb+ing Present Continuous Negative Subject + wasn't/weren't + verb+ing Exercise 2 (3 minutes) Students to work in groups of 2 or 3 and write down what they notice about the following -ing verbs. Running Shopping Swimming Hitting Beginning Answer: Double consonant before -ing. The rule is that when there is a short vowel sound between two consonants, you need to add a second consonant before adding -ing. Pronunciation (3 minutes) Students will listen to past simple verbs read out, and decide which pronunciation column to place them in. Answers: /d/ tried survived /id/ decided guided /t/ worked looked dropped

Controlled Practice (4-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students will do a gap fill exercise on wordwall, differentiating between the past simple and the past continuous. (3 minutes) Whole class feedback. (2 minutes) Answers: 1. didn't have 2. missed 3. were waiting 4. started 5. said 6. rained 7. were watching

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Students will come up with their own narrative about an unlucky day or a bad day that they have had (or they can make one up!) using all the skills they have learned throughout the class. This will be in groups of 2/3 depending on class size. (8 minutes) Whole class feedback (2 minutes)

Feedback& DEC (5-7 minutes) • To clarify any common grammar mistakes with the students

Students will work to correct the anticipated common errors below, as well as any additional common errors that have come up during the lesson. (5 minutes) Anticipated errors: I was runing to work. He didn't went to the airport. Dropped - pronunciation

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