Literary Elements
Grade 9 level


In this lesson, students will learn to identify and distinguish the different plot elements in a story using a plot diagram. Students will be able to identify the protagonist and antagonist. Sts will also be able to identify the two types of confilct in the story.


Main Aims

  • To provide students a framework for understanding fictional stories through plot structures.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide inference for students to predict what will happen in a story, make connections between stories and summarize what they read.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Teacher will elicit students by asking: [prior knowledge] "What are the five plot elements?" (one or two minutes) "What is a type of conflict in a story?" (if no one answers, elicit with "Character versus...") (one or two minutes)

Exposure (10-12 minutes) • To provide a model of the task and highlight useful words and phrases

Prezi, Plot Diagram Introduction Slide one: Title of presentation Slide three: Plot (choose st to read) Slide four-7: Exposition: setting, time period, characters (protagonist and antagonist) Slide 9-12: Conflict and rising action Slide 13: Climax (Ask sts for another word for climax) Slide 14: Falling Action (tell sts that this will be important for the next task.) Slide 15: Resolution: message or lesson (tell students again that this will be important)

Task, Reading (13-16 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to practice target productive skills

Teacher will handout story and ask sts to identify the title, author and after ask what they think the story will be about. Students will SCAN and highlight any words they might not know BEFORE reading. (up to five words) Teacher puts audiobook on

Planning, Grouping and teams (6-8 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to plan students' reports

Students will be grouped in pairs (or a single group of three is there are an odd number of sts)

Report, Sts have 8-10 minutes (6-8 minutes) • To allow students to report on how they did the task and how it went

Students fill out plot diagram worksheet

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