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Indirect questions
Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn about indirect questions through a text-based presentation using listening texts about tourists in different places. The lesson starts with a discussion about travelling and being a tourist. This is followed by listening practice for gist and detail. After that, the target langıage 'indirect questions' is presented and finally there is some controlled practice through sentence reformulation and free practice via a final speaking activity.


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of Indirect questions in the context of travelling and tourists in different places

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist and specific information listening practice using a text about tourists in different places
  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a dialogue in the context of travelling and tourists in different places


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T greets ss and tells them the topic is 'travelling and being a tourist'. Then T shows this question: 'Do you like travelling and being a tourist? Why/Why not?' T answers this question and ss work in groups in BoRs to discuss it in 3 minutes. T elicits answers and provides fb.

Exposure (10-15 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T tells ss they will listen to three tourists and they will match these tourists with there different situations they see on the screen: 1. in a clothes shop 2. at a ticket office 3. on a train T asks ICQs to check if ss get what they will do: 'How many dialogues will you listen to? 3. Which situations will you match them with? in a clothes shop, at a ticket office, on a train' Ss listen to the recording and peer check their answers in pairs. T shows them the answer key on the screen and gives feedback. Then she shows them three questions and gets them to listen to the recording again to answer these questions: 1. When does the train leave? 2. What does the passenger want to read? 3. Does the customer want to buy the ticket? Ss peer check their answers in pairs in BoRs and t provides fb after she elicits some answers.

Highlighting (7-10 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T shows ss a list of questions and asks them to listen to the recording again to check the questions they hear. Ss work in groups in BoRs to check their answers in 1 minute. When time is up, t shows ss the answer key and gives fb.

Clarification (20-25 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T first uses a guided discovery task to help ss to work on the meaning. She asks ss to complete a sentence that expresses why indirect questions are used. Ss work in groups to complete it in BoRs and when they are back to the main room, t elicits answers and completes the sentence with them on the screen. T then asks them to do the second part of the guided discovery task which clarifies the form and does the first one as an example before ss work on the other forms of the indirect questions in BoRS. When time is over, she elicits answers in the main room. She drills the indirect questions first chorally and then individually. Then she shows it on the screen and highlights intonation on each one on the screen.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T shows 5 direct questions on the screen and sends them as a HO through the chat box as well. She asks them to make these direct questions indirect. Ss first work individually and then with their partners to peer check their answers in BoRs. T shows them the answer key and asks them if they agree or disagree and answers ss’ questions.

Free Practice (10-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T shows different situations to ss and asks them to make dialogues in these situations: in a clothes shop on a train at the airport at a ticket office in a bookshop T shows them an example and asks ss to work in groups and use indirect questions

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