Kate Kate

LP 8 Grammar: Past Perfect Continuous
Lower Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will practice using the past perfect continuous in the context of answering questions about the plot of the Oscar-winning video short "Joy Story". Students will be asked to produce past perfect continuous sentences to practice for fluency.


Main Aims

  • To provide practice, clarification and review of the present perfect continuous tense in the context "Joy Story" and language related to the plot of the short film, such as "have been preparing", "has been fishing", "has been alerting", "have been fighting", "has been trying", "have not been".

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of hobbies or activities students, or characters in a story, have been and have not been recently doing.
  • To provide gist reading practice using a text adapted from the video short Joy Story in the context of present perfect continuous phrases.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T greets students, shares jamboard link, ensures access, reminds S to use to complete activities. 
T reads prompt on jamboard: Recently, what activities or hobbies have you been doing? 
Next slide shows 2 columns: Recent Activities vs. Ignored Activities T demo's by electing/asking S the prompt. T writes on jamboard. T elects another S, what activities have you not been doing recently? T writes on jamboard. T: In BoR, discuss for 2 min. Fill in here. 
T brings everyone back. T transitions: "Well done all."

Exposure (5-6 minutes) • To expose learners to target language through a text.

T: Let's read this story, about a dog who has recently been fishing. T elicits 4 readers, 1/ paragraph. S take turns reading. Story adapted from Joy Story: "A man and his dog, Joy, love to fish. Joy has been fishing since she was first adopted by her owner when she was just as a puppy. They go fishing every year, and have been preparing to go fishing on Lake Motosu since last year. Just before dawn, they set off. The trip starts off magically. However, when a bird, Heron, lands on the boat, Joy barks and is scolded for spooking the fish. After Heron steals a worm, Joy barks again; however, the man is too focused on fishing to see what has been happening. After quite the noisy row, the man finally turns to see that Joy has been alerting him about Heron all along, and that they have been fighting over the worms. Curious, Joy watches Heron glide back to its nest. After watching Heron and her family, Joy understands that Heron has not been trying to cause mischief after all. Rather, she has been trying to feed her babies. Joy decides to share a knot of worms with Heron. As an act of gratitude, Heron returns the favor with a large pile of fish. And ever since that day, Joy and the Heron have been becoming better and better friends. Every year, Joy plans a trip to Lake Motosu to visit Heron, and Heron flies to Joy when the whether gets cool. " T: Thank you volunteers, well done.

Clarification (6-8 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T: In this story, we heard the present perfect continuous tense. It sounds like "Joy has been fishing since she was first adopted by her owner." T elicits: (2 min) So, what are we describing in this sentence? Joy (dog) fishing. When did Joy start fishing? When first adopted. Did the fishing start in past or present? Past. Does Joy still fish? Yes. So what can we say this tense describes? An activity that started in the past and continues into the present. What words here tell us that it started in the past? has been (reveal in jamboard, choral drill has been) What tells us that it is still happening? -ing ending. (reveal in jamboard) In BoR, underline the present perfect continuous phrases in our story. We've done the first together: "has been fishing". What pattern might you look for to help you find the phrases? "has been" and "-ing" endings. (3 min) T brings group back: Welcome back. Here are your answers. T displays answers. T transitions: Now, let's watch a movie about Joy. (1 min)

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T gives link of interactive video in zoom chat: https://en.islcollective.com/video-lessons/0248682e8bfba72cfb3266fcc7b2da6e Go to BoR, click on this link. It's in the chat. One person shares screen. Choose "Interactive mode" in play mode. Watch the video and answer the questions. If you have issues viewing the video: go to Slide __. Use the story to answer the questions. If video not working/ if students can't access/ if students internet not working or having connectivity issues: T can provide the YouTube video link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iR-JFks6uI0&t=18s; Alternatively, they can use the story from exposure stage to answer the questions. Questions are available on slide ___. Lastly, T could provide the questions in the chat. If slide-quiz used instead of video-quiz, T reveals answers upon completion. 1) What have the man and dog been preparing to do? Put the words in order: have fishing. They go to preparing been (They have been preparing to go fishing) 2) Correct the wrong word: The dog has been fish before. (The dog has been fishing before.) 3) Choose the right answer: Joy ... alerting the man about the bird, Heron. has been have been been being (Joy has been alerting the man about the bird.) 4) Fill the gap: What have they been doing? They ___________(fight) over the worms. (They have been fighting over the worms.) 5) Why was Heron stealing the worms? Put the words in order: has She been babies. her trying to feed (She has been trying to feed her babies.) 6) Gap-fill: Has Heron been trying to cause mischief? (Heron has not been trying to cause mischief.) T observes BoR. T brings everyone back for OCFB: Here are your answers. How many did you get right? Well done.

Freer Practice (10-12 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T: Together in BoR, write part 2: A Joyful Reunion Slide: You may wish to include: - What have they been doing recently? Hobbies? Activities? - How have Joy and Heron been preparing for the visit? - Have they been fishing together? What happened? - What other hobbies or activities have they been trying? - What have they not been doing? Slides: Write here & slide number for freer practice allocation. After 5 min, T brings students back. Welcome back. If more than 6 students/3 stories: Let's go to BoR to share. You have 3 min. If 6 students/3 or less: Elect a volunteer to share.

Delayed Error Correction (5-6 minutes) • To provide learners with feedback on the completion of the task and language

T prepares a slide for DEC. Slide should include: 1 pronunciation error, 1 grammar error, 1 lexical error, and 2 good uses of language. T sends students to BoR and assigns an error (#) to correct. T brings everyone back. OCFB to discuss corrections.

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