Alison Alison

Present perfect
Interemediate level


Main Aims

  • To clarify the mfpa for the grammar of present perfect

Subsidiary Aims

  • To give Ss practice using the grammar of the present perfect in controlled reading and freer speaking exercises


Warmer/Lead-in (5-7 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Ss have just done a reading lesson about twins, so I will introduce after twins now we have father and son. Show the pictures of the two famous Turkish actors and elicit the names - Kemal Sunal and Ali Sunal Ask Ss what they know about these two men - Ss talk for a cple minutes with ideas. Explain to Ss that you have a timeline for each actor, with impotant dates on it and the life events need to be put on - divide the class into two groups, different timeline each and together Ss try to work out where to place the events. ICQ if needed and provide an example fb, check answers, see if class agrees

Test #1 (8-10 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

Write on wb - Kemal made 82 films - Ali has made 7 films What's the difference in construction of these sentences? Elicit the tense. Ask why is that? Elicit or prompt because Kemal is dead. Ask: Can Kemal make any more films? Can Ali make any more films? Is Kemel's filming a finished action? What tense are we using for Kemal? Past Simple What about in Ali's sentence? - see if Ss are able to suggest present perfect, or tell So a completed action - past simple, an action that continues to today - present perfect.

Teach (15-20 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

Draw a timeline on the wb and use examples to mark events that have finished or still continue Ask Ss - learning English this morning - prompt still continues - present perfect - 'I have learnt English this morning' Does the sentence say exactly what time you were learning English this morning? - no Learning English at 10:30am - finished or continues? elicit 10:30 has finished - past simple - do we know exact time - yes 'I learnt English at 10:30' learning English yesterday morning - finished or continues? finished - past simple Ask Ss for their examples of unfinished actions - use these for drilling pronunciation or sentences - I've learnt English this morning - Have you been to the college today? He hasn't learnt anything Write sentence to wb and elicit form have/has + past participle contracted informally 've 's Pronunciation positive/negative/questions

Test #2 (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

Controlled practice - Show Ss gap fill ho about some actors/musicians, some gaps are past simple, some are present perfect Give to Ss, they can work together to work them out monitor, help if needed fb

Free practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Have you ever? Model - Has anyone ever lived in the UK? CCQ - did you in the past, is it possible you could in the future? groups/pairs of Ss - have a cup with peices of paper with actions they could have done Demonstrate Take in turns to pick a paper and ask - have you ever - and partner answers - yes, I have..... (follow-up - what was it like?) No I haven't (follow-up - would you like to?) Write these things on the board Model this, provide examples and ICQ There are also some blank peices if Ss want to write some other suggestions if time Whole class fb on good language use/any mistakes ect.

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