Grant Grant

Modals of possibility for past events
upper intermediate level


In this lesson students will learn how to talk about the possible actions that took place in the past. They will work on the meaning pronunciation and form of these phrases.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of the past tense modal possibilities in the context of everyday occurances

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of everyday occurrences


Warmer/Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I will have the students make guesses on what occurred prior to the three images.

Exposure (5-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

They will be given the google form in the chat and told they have 1 minute to send it in. I will have them check with a partner via DM to see if they got the same answer then I will show the responses to everyone.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I will highlight the modal possibilities found in the google form and explain that this is what we are working on today.

Clarification (12-15 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

M- In the Meaning slide as a class we will decide if the modal is showing certainity about an event or unsure-ity about the man running. I will call on students to decide when the word should go along the line plot F- I will show them the equations for creating TL and examples where we can highlight the different parts. I will also show the differences between the negative and affirmative P- I will explain the slide and lead choral practice

Controlled Practice (5-6 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

The students will be sent the google slides to fill out a slide of their own , I will have put their names on their slide prior. I will show an example response to Q1 and all the possible answers. I will recommend they look around at other slides if they need help. They will have 4 minutes to complete. Then I will quickly look through the slides and highlight good sentences. Then I will send them to breakout rooms to discuss their responses.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

In breakout rooms they will discuss and try and agree on a likely past event that explains the sentences. They will have 7 minutes to discuss and then I will bring them back and provide OCB on things I heard throughout the lesson.

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