Ayşegül Ayşegül

Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will learn about the first conditional in context with an inductive approach which the rule is inferred through some form of guided discovery through a reading text named Murphy's Law. Time planned for this lesson is 45 minutes and the lesson will be conducted in five stages as lead-in, reading tasks, presentation, controlled practice and freer practice. Since the language will be introduced through a text, the lesson will include a short reading comprehension session including read-for-gist activity. Target vocabulary will be given and practiced. Alongside the course book, various materials will be used during the lesson to engage students more. Students will be assigned a task at the end of the lesson. Starting with a warm-up activity, the concept of Murphy's law will be introduced to the students by demonstrating two illustrations. Students will be asked a few questions and they will watch a short video directly relevant to the questions and the text itself. In the second stage which is a reading-for-gist task, students will be asked to skim the text and answer the questions. In the presentation stage, on the other hand, students will identify the target language and they will be introduced to it. Controlled practice will include two tasks as a worksheet with mixed exercises and sentence halves matching. For the last stage, a role-playing activity will be performed to get students use the target language. At the end of the lesson, homework will be assigned.


Abc PowerPoint Presentation
Abc Sentence halves cards
Abc Worksheet - Use of First Conditional
Abc Warm-up Video - Murphy's Law
Abc The course book - Unit 8B

Main Aims

  • To provide review, practice and clarification of the first conditional in the context of Murphy's laws

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide the ability to grasp the form and use of the subject and to contextualize
  • To provide practice and clarification of confusing verbs
  • To get students interested and engaged, and thinking and speaking in context


Warmer / Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students, to interest students in the topic of the text (not in the topic of the grammar)

- Students will be introduced to the concept Murphy's law in assistance of a PowerPoint Presentation. - They will be asked the question given as a pre-reading activity in the course book with a few extra questions. Visual aids also take place in the presentation; the students will be encouraged to talk about the illustrations. - The video will be played and students will be expected to share their comments.

Reading Task / Read-for-Gist (6-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text, To draw students' attention to the target language

- Students will be paired and asked to skim the text and tell the main idea and highlights of the text to their partners. - They will answer the questions given in the course book. - Teacher will monitor the activity walking around the classroom and communicating with the students.

Presentation (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language, To pull the target language from the context and help students understand it

- Students will be expected to scan the text and complete the matching exercise which introduces the target language to the students. Up until now, the students have spent time looking at the context but have not zoomed in on the main aim of the lesson – the language used in it. It will be tailored by asking students to go back to the text and underline all the examples they can find. - Since the text helps communicate the meaning of the language already, students will be asked to tell the sentences contain "if" in the text. Some of those sentences will be written on the board and the subject will be explained to the students. To stay in the context, teacher will be giving examples and writing some of those sentences on the board.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

- Now that students have a much better idea how this language works and how to say it, teacher needs to give them the opportunity (through practice) to focus on using it repeatedly and more accurately. In this stage, the language output will be overseen and controlled by the teacher. - Students will be provided two decks of cards that are halves of first conditional sentences. They will be paired and asked to match the sentence halves to make meaningful sentences. When they finish, the answers will be shared and the laws mentioned will be discussed. Students will be expected to share their opinions about the sentences. - As the second controlled practice activity, students will be provided a piece of worksheet and selected parts and questions will be answered to strengthen the process of comprehending the form and meaning of the language clearly.

Freer Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language, to let the students try the language out, to move more towards improving fluency, to give the students freedom to make choices about the language they use

- Students will be divided into groups of three or four and will role-play as a candidate of the upcoming election. - They will be asked to write their election promises as a group using the first conditional in sentences. - A spokesperson for each of the groups will be asked to stand up and read their promises to the rest of the groups. The audience will be encouraged to ask questions to the candidates or challenge them by asking questions. - When all the promises are heard, they will vote for a candidate which will be different from their own. At the end, the winner will be picked. - During the activity, teacher will be guiding and helping the students who need help. Teacher will also give feedbacks. - The activity part in the book and the rest of the worksheet will be assigned to check in the next class. Vocabulary part will be given as an assignment for the next class as well. Students will be expected to examine the part and to get prepared for the next class.

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