Nurcan Nurcan

Teaching Practice 7
A2 level


In this lesson, students will learn the use of modals of obligation (past time). They will do a fill in the gaps activity (controlled) and this will be followed by a semi-controlled speaking practice and finally a freer speaking practice.


Abc Complete the text HO
Abc Flashcards
Abc Answer key

Main Aims

  • To introduce the use of modals of obligation (past time) in the context of past

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice using introduced modals (past)


Warmer/Lead-in (4-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

-T will ask what the reading text was about and how the woman in the text started her career -T then will ask students to discuss how they began their career and how they made their decisions -Ss will work in pairs WCF

Controlled grammar practice 1 (3-4 minutes) • To get Ss to practice modals of obligation (past time)

-Ss will get into two groups -T will give two groups of strips of papers (one group with modal sentences, the other group with concept sentences ) to each group to match -Ss will work in groups -Answer key

Language clarification (4-6 minutes) • To clarify target language

-T will ask Ss to scan the text (Camden Market-Ss will have already been given the text in the previous lesson) to find sentences with modals of obligation -T will write them on the board to provide more examples about the TL -T will highlight target language through model sentences (given in the previous stage) focusing on meaning, form and pronunciation -T drills-choral-indv. repetition

Controlled grammar practice 2 (6-8 minutes) • To practice grammar (modals of obligations-past time-)

-T will give complete the text HOs -Ss will work individually to fill in the gaps with "had to, didn't have to, could and couldn't" -Ss will check in pairs -Ss will write down the answers on the board

Semi-controlled speaking practice (10-12 minutes) • To practice speaking for accuracy

-T will give three uncompleted sentences and ask students to complete them in different ways -Ss will work in pairs, (even mingle) ask and answer the questions (delayed error correction as necessary)

Freer speaking practice (10-13 minutes) • To practice speaking for fluency

-T will give Ss an imaginary situation (imagine before this life, you used to live in a perfect world and in this perfect world you could/didn't have to...etc.) -T will ask Ss to think about such a world and tell each other what they were allowed to do, was possible etc. using TL -Ss will work in pairs (Delayed error correction as necessary)

If time activity (Speaking practice) (10-12 minutes) • To practice speaking for accuracy

-T will give "Find out how many people..." HOs (similar to find someone who activity) -Ss will mingle and ask questions to their friends (delayed error correction as necessary)

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