Nick Nick

TP4_LP_Nicholas Ling
Upper Intermediate level


Perfect Present Simple Tense


Main Aims

  • To enable students to develop their use of perfect present tense through clarification, precision and fluency tasks in the context of unusual achievements

Subsidiary Aims

  • To enable students to develop their listening and speaking skills using perfect present tense in the context of unusual achievements


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I will show the Ss three pictures from the course book lesson and ask them two questions (3-5 mins) in Google Slides 1. What are they doing in the pictures? 2. What do you think their unusual achievements might be?

Text Work (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

I will play 1.25 of the audio A&B and ask the Ss to listen for Gist (1.5 mins) then find the present perfect tense in a Gist task containing 3 multi choice statements (2 mins) ICQ - Are you listening for Gist or detail? The Ss will then listen to audio ABC and answer the 6 fill the gaps tasks. (2.5 + 2 mins) ICQ - Are you using the present perfect tense to fill the gaps? Yes OCFB 1 min

Clarification - MFPA (10-12 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Meaning I will show a diagram on google slides showing that 1. the perfect present tense links the past to the now, and 2. that it is unfinished time I will show these two sentences 1 = TL and 2 = Past simple 1. Elsie Gamble has been a teacher for more than 75 years. 2. Elsie Gamble set up Cotterswood School in 1927. CCQ: Annotate your answer Which sentence links the past to the present? 1 Perfect present Which sentence has the action that is finished? 2 Past simple Why is this action finished? Because we have the date it finished on. Is the present perfect tense finished or unfinished? Unfinished Does the present perfect link the past to the present? Yes Was Elsie Gamble a teacher in the past? Yes Is Elsie Gamble still a teacher now? Yes Form I will ask the Ss to do the following - Annotate draw an arrow or line from the form (subject, auxiliary verb, past participle) to the corresponding word in the TL sentence - What are the auxiliary verbs for the perfect present tense? = have/has - What pronouns go with the auxiliary verbs? - What is the suffix for regular verbs of the past participle? = +ed - What is the suffix for irregular verbs of the past participle = depends on the verb Pronunciation I will start with the word seventy and ask the following questions - How many syllables does it have? = 3 - Say se-ven-ty - How do you say the last syllable - I will say seventy in American and British and ask them which one is correct = both just different - which one is which? British is hard 't' - model "75", then "for more than 75" then "has been a teacher for more than 75" then complete sentence from back to front - model sound linkage for 'for more than seventy' and 'has been a teacher' then drill individuals and class together

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

I will ask Ss to complete six fill the gap tasks in the present perfect tense (2 mins) I will demo the first task ICQ: How many fill-the-gaps questions will you complete? 6. What tense will you use? Present perfect tense Ss will share/compare answers in pairs in BOR (3 mins) OCFB (3 mins) Monitor for clarification of instructions or questions about TL

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

What are some things you have done or achieved in your life that you are proud of? Try to use these past participles for your discussion I have + past participle… I have been … I have seen… I have taken… I have traveled I have bought I have I have completed… I have won… I have written… I have given… I have created 6 mins for discussion and 2-3 mins OCFB Monitor BOR for clarification of instructions/how to carry out task/questions about TL

Delayed Error Correction (4-5 minutes) • To elicit corrections from Ss to mistakes made during the session

I will elicit correction from the class around errors made trying to use the present perfect tense, pronunciation and form. I will also highlight 1 or 2 correct uses of the present perfect tense by students

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