Peyman Ghanian Peyman Ghanian

Teaching Practice 7
Upper-intermediate level


In this lesson students are exposed to the grammar of present perfect and the difference between simple and continuous form of this tense. I plan to use the TTT approach because I assume students are already familiar with the concept.


Main Aims

  • In this lesson students have the opportunity to develop their knowledge about present perfect

Subsidiary Aims

  • In this lesson students have the opportunity to practice the present perfect simple and continuous form by speaking


Lead-in (4-5 minutes) • To provide students to brainstorm their ideas about their favorite music star

I start the class by playing music and asking questions if they know the singer (Chris De Burgh) and then I ask them "Who is your favorite singer or musician?" and I pair them to share their ideas. Then I introduce the character of the text (Astrid Johnsson)

First Test Stage (6-7 minutes) • To check students knowledge of present perfect (simple & continuous)

I have prepared a handout about Astrid Johnsson and Ss are required to read the text about her and in the exercise choose the correct tense for each sentence. I intend to pre-teach the words 'Award' & 'Compose'. They do the exercise individually and then check their answers in PW. Then I get the feedback. Is award same as gift? No Are there any people making decision who gets the award? Yes Does compose mean creating music? Yes

Teach Grammar (7-8 minutes) • To teach students the difference between present perfect simple & continuous

Based on the feedback of the previous activity I write the form of present perfect simple and continuous on the board and for each sentence I explain that why we use the correct tense. Then I ask Ss to unfold their handouts and they need to match the rules with present perfect simple or continuous. They do it in PW and I have the answer key on the board (OHP) Then by using the chain back method I drill the correct pronunciation of the sentence by indicating the weak form.

Controlled Practice (13-14 minutes) • To check students comprehension of the grammar

A handout is given to the students and they need to complete the text by verbs and correct form of present perfect (simple or continuous) Ss do the exercise in PW (I will change the pairs in this stage) then I get the feedback by asking them to read out. I intend to correct their errors on the spot. Then I ask Ss to do the second exercise and complete the questions with present perfect simple or continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Then they check their answers in pairs and ask the questions from their partners. I monitor and correct their errors and finally I get the WC FB.

Freer Practice (10-11 minutes) • To provide students to use the grammar in speaking

First I divide the students into groups of three. Some pictures are provided and they put them face down in the middle of the table. First student takes the top picture but doesn't show it to the others. Then she should describe the picture (with the subject of "I") but doesn't say what she has been doing and the other students must try to guess what she has been doing. The student who guesses correctly can keep the picture card and gets the next turn. At the end the student with the most cards is the winner. I monitor them and take notes for the delayed error correction.

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