Erhan Gülşen, Telling the Time
Elementary, A1 level
In this lesson, the SS learn about how to tell the time through different class activities with the help of a big table clock, which is used or referred to in almost every single exercise. The lesson starts with eliciting the topic from the students by chesting the clock and showing it to the whole class with the help of such simple questions as "What is this?" and "what does this show us?" After the SS have given the correct answer, it continues with a group exercise which involves listing several words in size order, which are used to describe different time sequences. These words are second, minute, hour, day, week, month and year. After this exercise has been completed, the questions used to tell the time will be elicited and then four basic time telling patterns will be explained and pronounced together. After feedbacks are received, the students will form a circle while standing and the teacher will stand in the middle to use his hands to mock those of a clock in order to ask SS to tell the time in turn. And then, in the next part, after the SS have taken their seats again, the SS will do a 3-minute fill-in exercise testing these last patterns. Afterwards, a diagram to help the students to understand the new patterns more efficiently will be hung on the WB. And, in the last exercise, the SS will work in pairs and draw clock patterns in empty circles to ask their partner. In the end, a racing game between two divided student groups will be organized and played.
To provide clarification, review and practice of time words, three prepositions used with hours, which are "at", "from" and "to".
Procedure (45-55 minutes)
Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students
To elicit the topic by showing the big clock and asking two questions they already know, which are "What is this?" and "What does it show us?"
To help them remember the words related to time sequences by doing an exercises in groups on the floor.
Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide a model of production expected in coming tasks through demonstration and pronunciation
To elicit the questions to ask the time, and to answer them in different patterns before the class by holding the clock and showing it to the SS and to ask them to pronounce the patterns repeatedly.
Useful Language (8-10 minutes) • To highlight and clarify useful language for coming productive tasks
To clarify the remaining patterns used to tell the time
Productive Task(s) (18-20 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to practice target productive skills
To perform a whole class activity by asking the SS to form a circle and asking them the time one by one.
To ask the SS to fill in the written exercises with their pairs.
Feedback and Error Correction (8-10 minutes) • To provide feedback on students' production and use of language
To ask the students to be divided in two groups and draw the pronounced into the circles on the WB one by one as fast as they can.
To give feedback about the mistakes made during the lesson if there has been any.