Darya Gholami Darya Gholami

Grammar (present continuous, future arrangements)
A1 level


This lesson is structured on a 'test-teach-test' approach. In this lesson students will be learning grammar on using of present continuous tense for future arrangements in the context of "holiday". They are going to practice using this tense for the future plans through controlled and freer practices. the warm-up of this lesson engages the Ss with future arrangements and the context that is used to teach the grammar. then Ss are tested through a match-the-sentence-halves exercise to test their ability to use the "form" of present continuous. then the clarification of the new use of present continuous is done through 3 texts about three people's holiday plans. Next, the Ss are provided with a simple controlled practice in which they have to use the verbs in brackets in present continuous. finally, in production stage, they plan an imaginary holiday in their own groups.


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of the present continuous tense in the context of future arrangements.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide speaking practice in the context of planning a trip


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

to begin the lesson, the teacher starts by asking Ss about holiday and travelling in order to prepare them to talk about future arrangements. the following questions can be asked: 1. Do you like holidays? 2. Do you have any plans for Nowruz holiday? 3. Did you arrange/book a place to spend your holiday?

Test #1 (8-10 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

In order to get a sense of what the students already know about the grammar we’re planning to teach, the teacher provides a match-the-sentence-halves exercise (present continuous form) including a few sentences relating to current activity and some sentences about the new use of present continuous (future arrangements). ask Ss which sentences are about now? What time period do the others refer to?

Teach (15-20 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

Teacher tells the students that they will read three people’s plans to celebrate the New Year to get a general idea of each of their plans. - Instructions: Read and match each person’s plan with the best image. the teacher checks with the whole class and displays copies of 3 sentences in which the target language is found on the board. - We are meeting our friends and family during holiday. - I'm visiting my parents and we're having a big party. - This new year, we're renting a house in a coastal city. Teacher asks students if these sentences have anything in common with each other to check students’ current understanding and elicit the fact that all of the sentences reference future plans then draws a timeline on the board and shows the timing. In order to establish the meaning the teacher asks a few questions and Ss discuss their answers in groups. e.g. - Are we having a big party now? - Is this a possible plan or a definite plan? Teacher asks students the following CCQs to elicit the use of the present continuous tense: -CCQ: Is the activity in progress, finished or scheduled? Scheduled. -CCQ: If an activity is already scheduled, is the activity a definite plan you will do or a possible plan you might do? A definite plan you will do. -CCQ: Are we talking about things we would like to do, things we will probably do or things we have arranged to do? Things we have arranged to do. To clarify form, elicit the formula for the target language from the students. Again, use those same example sentences to do this. Ask the students what part of speech each word in the grammatical structure is, and as they answer, write this in a different color underneath the example sentence. For pronunciation, model and drill the sentences on the board.

Test #2 (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

controlled practice: To ask the students to complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets in Present Continuous, then match the arrangements and how they were organized. Then to ask the students to check their answers in pairs and in group.

Free practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

teacher tells Ss that they are going to work with their groups and plan a trip for 7 days -also tells the Ss that they have a lot of money and they can go wherever they like. - and Explains that Ss need to give the detail of the places and activities. the teacher gives them time to plan their trip and monitor them while doing the activity. they take turns to report back to the rest of the class about their trip. Ss vote for the most exciting trip.

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