carole carole

Grammar Lesson
Upper intermediate level


In this lesson, students will practice and review the uses of past modals in the context of a mystery story. They will have to listen to the target language and find out the meaning. It will be followed by a clarification of the meaning, form, and pronunciation and by a controlled and freer practice of the language.


Abc Book "Cutting edge" 3rd edition

Main Aims

  • To provide practice and review of the past modals in the context of a mystery story

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide specific information and gist listening practice using a text about a mystery story in the context of a woman who vanished
  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a in conversations in the context of what people should or should not have done.


Warmer/Lead-in (0-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The teacher will display some pictures of a story with vocabulary. Students will have to match the vocabulary items to the pictures and describe them using the vocabulary. Then, on the next slide, the beginning of the story will be displayed to students. They will have to guess what might happen next. Students will openly share their ideas as a group.

Exposure (text work) (5-15 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Students will listen to an audio divided in two parts. For the first part of the audio, students will have to answer to some questions related to the audio to check their understanding. They will be sent in breaker rooms for 4 minutes. The answers will be displayed by the teacher on the following slide. For the second part of the audio, students will have to fill up missing words from the text. They will perform this activity individually. The answers will be displayed by the teacher. The audio will only be played one time.

Clarification (15-25 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

The teacher will cover the meanings of the past modals expression taken from the text. The teacher will display sentences with two options of modals/ expressions and students will have to select the right one and explain why. Then the teacher will model the form of each expression taking sentences from the text. The pronunciation will be modeled through drilling and repeating keywords. The teacher will insist on the 'weak' form of the auxiliary 'have'.

Controlled Practice (25-32 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

During this controlled practice, students will have to rewrite sentences using a past modal of possibility. They will have 5 minutes to perform this task individually. Answers will be displayed by the teacher at the end of the allotted time.

Free Practice (33-41 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

During this task, students will have to say sentences about what people should or should not have done. The teacher will display a slide with the names of characters from the story. As an example, they will have to say sentences such as: "Eleonor should not have left her mother in the hotel. She should have ..... instead. " Students will be sent to Bor to perform this activity, they will have 6 min.

Feeback (41-45 minutes) • To allow learners to get feedbacks on the content and language used during the freer practice

The teacher will conduct feedback on language in the Delayed Error Correction (DEC) . The teacher will ask if students have questions regarding to the lesson and the target langue. If not, the teacher will thanks students for their participation to this last class and wish them good luck for the continuation of their studies.

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