hala ragab hala ragab

The present perfect tense
Elementary level


In this lesson, SS. learn about the present perfect tense . The lesson will start with a lead in using the present perfect in the conversation ( using ever and never). Then T.will present the rule and structure and the difference between the present perfect and past simple. And the regular and irregular past participle through some controlled and Semi-controlled activities. By the end of the lesson, SS have free practice time to use the present perfect in their discussion.


Abc video , picture .
Abc PPT.
Abc sound track
Abc Exercises

Main Aims

  • To provide practice of The present perfect in the context of films , TV and books experiences.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a conversation , debate in the context of films,TV, books experiences .


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • to introduce the theme and generate interest .

T. shows a video of batman film then a picture and asks SS. the following questions : What do you see? Who is this ? Is it a film? Have you seen this film? Have you read the story ?

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation . MFP

T. presents some sentences in present perfect tense and asks SS to underline the present perfect . T. asks SS to think about when we use the present perfect .T. gives some CCQ'S then explains the time line . T. shows the difference between the present perfect and the past simple. T. explains the irregular past participle and asks SS. to answer the exercise provided,First to think individually then to check together.

Highlighting (5-10 minutes) • Use T.L. to analyse ,convey and check meaning .

T. asks SS to look at the rule. The present perfect simple is used to talk about experiences people have had in theit lives. When it happened is not specified .It can be used with ever and never , e.g." Have you ever ? I've never ....? And asks SS. to discuss what they learn . T. asks : How I form the present perfect ? can we use contractions ?

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To practice the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language .

T, gives instructions and asks SS to answer 2 (controlled and semi-controlled activities ) exercises in pairs in the breakout rooms. After T. clarifies the target language and discuss the mistakes.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T, asks SS. to answer the questions using the present perfect once in affirmative and once in negative form .

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T. helps students to practice the context in speaking by answering the exercise and complete the table of discussion per group and correct their mistakes .

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