To provide clarification and practice of structures of obligation in the context of rules and laws
To provide clarification of degrees of obligation in the context of rules and laws
Procedure (27-40 minutes)
I will show some pictures related to people activities Ss will work in pairs in Breakout Rooms to talk and answer the following question: What age people have to be to do the activities in the photos? I will nominate two students to answer the question and conduct OCFB.
I will share a link to the google form where students read about "Minimum age in England". Students will answer some True and False Statements. Students compare their answers in pairs in breakout rooms T conducts OCFB
- T covers MFPA of the grammatical items below - T explains the meaning of the lexical items below - T conducts OCFB (5 min) - Teacher elicits pronunciation from students - T conducts OCFB First Structure: You must/ have to/´ve got to/ need to be eighteen to vote in the UK. Meaning: We use must, have to, have got to, and need to to express obligation and necessity. - CCQ: Do we express obligation, lack of obligation, prohibition or suggestion with this sentence? We express obligation. - Form: Degree of obligation with modal must, and semi modal verbs such as have to and have got to. - Pronunciation: /məst/ hæv-, -tə/ /hævˈɡɑtˌtu/ /niːd tu/ - Appropriacy: We can express obligation and necessity Second Structure: You don´t have to go to the meeting. - Meaning: We use don´t have to to express a lack of obligation, in other words to say that is not obliged to do something. - CCQ: Do we express obligation, lack of obligation, prohibition, or suggestion with this sentence? We express lack of obligation - Form: semi modal verb - Pronunciation: /ˈdōnt ˈhav tə/ - Appropriacy: Shows that it is not necessary to do something. Third Structure: You´re not allowed to smoke here. - Meaning: We can use Not Allowed, can´t, couldn´t and not be able to to express prohibition. - CCQ: Do we express obligation, lack of obligation, prohibition or suggestion with this sentence? We express Prohibition. - Form: Phrase - Pronunciation: /nət ə-ˈlau̇d / - Appropriacy: it is used to express prohibition. Fourth Structure: You shouldn´t eat so much junk food. - Meaning: We use shouldn´t, ought to and mustn’t to give advice and make strong suggestions. - CCQ: Do we express obligation, lack of obligation, prohibition or suggestion with this sentence? We express suggestion - Form: modal. - Pronunciation: /ˈshu̇-dᵊnt /
- Instructions: Complete the sentences using the correct forms of the words (Use a google form for this activity) - ICQs: Are we going to complete or listen? - T demos with one sentence: You (mustn´t) run out of petrol on Germany´s autobahn. Walking on an autobahn is also illegal. - Individually, learners read eight statements and match them with the phrases given. (2 min) - Check answers in pairs (2 min) - T conducts OCFB (1 min)
- Instructions: We are going to share our opinions about the rules you have in your town or communities. What is an obligation to do there? What is not necessary to do? What is a prohibition to do? And do you suggest if I want to visit your town? - T scaffolds the task by eliciting some useful language that can be used to complete the task. - Learners work in groups and discuss. - Learners switch pairs as many times as possible as time allows.