Safinaz Safinaz

past perfect
intermediate, grade 5 level


In this lesson, students learn about the past perfect tense and its uses through the inductive approach. the lesson starts by showing them pictures and discussing them "who had travelled before?' then eliciting the formula from the students, followed by controlled and free practice.


Abc Pictures, white board, fill in the blank sheet

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of Past Perfect tense in the context of travel.

Subsidiary Aims

  • by the end of the session students should be able to express themselves written and orally using past perfect tense.


lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

put up pictures of some countries on the white board and ask " who had travelled before? and who would like to travel ? where to ? why? then will ask them to discus it in pairs .

Exposure (4-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

After knowing their reason and reviewing their discussions i would put a picture of myself in Germany. write next to it I HAD BEEN TO GERMANY. then ask if they can break down the sentence. students will come to the board to point out the subject, verb etc.... Ask them to make some sentences in the same form Read their sentences out loud and discuss it with their partner.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the past perfect

then elicit the formula of the past perfect tense from the students. Subject + had + past participle +.....

Controlled Practice (15-17 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

picture passing game where students pass pictures around and they have to form a sentence in the past perfect ex: picture of a car = " she had driven a car " picture of a rocket = "she hadn't been to space " hand out past perfect sheets to be solved and corrected on the spot

Free Practice (11-13 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of past perfect tense

we will be playing two games the first is: "Alibi game" : half of the class are suspects for the murder of someone in the school, and the other half are their alibies. In pairs they have to create the stories of what they where doing else where at the time of the crime. they are to be questioned separately, and the pair with the most differences between their stories are the guilty ones. This gets students who are shy or uninvolved speaking much more than usual. the second game is "sentence completion guessing game" : give students 10 to 20 sentences stems that you know are level appropriate ex: I had never felt more excited before in my life when …."or :when I joined this class...." tell them to read out only half the sentence they have written and their partners guess which sentence it is a completion of.

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