Past Perfect lesson
To provide clarification, review and practice of Past Perfect Simple in the context of travelling.
To provide gist, scan and detailed reading practice using a text about A trip to Paris in the context of travelling.
Procedure (45-59 minutes)
- Show the students a picture of the Eiffel Tower. - Ask the students some questions about the picture. - Question 1: what is this? - Question 2: where is it? - Question 3: Did anyone of you visit France or any other country? - Question 4: What did you do during your visit? - Question 5: what did you do before going, as a preparation?
- Ask the students to read the text and answer the questions individually. - Question 1: what is the text mainly about? a) A trip to Berlin b) A trip to London c) A trip to Paris - Put the students in groups and ask them to check their answers. - Whole class feedback. - Ask the students to read the text again and answer the questions individually. - Question 2: How many times has the author been out of the united states? a) twice b) zero c) once - Question 3: what did the author saw during his visit? a) The Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame Cathedral, and the Louvre b) The Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame Cathedral, and Disneyland c) The Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame Cathedral, and Luxembourg Gardens. - Put the students in groups to check their answers. - Whole class feedback.
- Ask the students to answer these questions in groups. Question: Look at the following sentences from the text and underline the correct answer. I had saved money for 5 years before I booked my trip to Paris. I had studied French for 2 years before I visited Paris. By the time I left Paris, I had toured many beautiful places. a) Are these sentences in the past, present or future? b) In the first sentence, which action happened first? (had saved money - booked my trip) c) In the second sentence, which action happened first? (had studied French - Visited Paris) d) In the third sentence, which action happened first? (left Paris - toured many beautiful places) - whole class feedback. - Ask the students to answer these questions. 1) What is the tense of the first action? 2) what is the tense of the second action?
- Clarify the meaning and the form of the Past Perfect tense by asking the students to answer the questions. complete: we form the past perfect simple by .......... + ........... - Why do we use the past perfect tense? - Ask the students to work in groups and to highlight all the verbs in the past perfect in the text. - Whole class feedback. - Use CCQs. 1) Do we use the past perfect when we talk about the past? 2) Do we use the past perfect to show the order of two past events? 3) Do we use the past perfect for the first action of two past actions? - Model the pronunciation and drill it with the students.
- Ask the students to answer the questions in groups. - Choose the correct answer: 1) He didn't want to eat. He (had already had - has already had - already had) lunch. 2) My aunt flew to Paris last year, she (had never gone - never went - never has gone) on a Plane before that. 3) we didn't need to queue because my wife ( has already bought - had already bought - already bought) the tickets. 4) By the time the police caught them, the thieves ( have already spent - had already spent - already spent) the money. 5) Helen (split - had split - has split) up with John before she met Paul. - Whole class feedback.
- Put the students in groups and ask them to answer these questions. 1- Think of reasons for these situations. Use the past perfect to complete the sentences. a) Our teacher was angry because ............. b) She had a terrible headache because............. c) By the time Tony came back home, ........ d) Before John arrived, she ....... already ........... - Whole class feedback.
- Put the students in groups and ask them to write about a past trip of their own using the past perfect. - Whole class feedback.