Michael Michael

Grammar: Introduce and Practice "Used to"
Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, the learners will be introduced to "used to". They will be given an intensive reading exercise, controlled language practices, exercises to cover MFP and use a freer practice for language use. Then there will be feedback and DEC.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of used to in the context of habits and past actions

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist reading practice using a text about used to


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

https://jamboard.google.com/d/1oBtfFgBLC3ZCFtK3tlHcV-Rf134y7sKp7QTwNAin-Vk/edit?usp=sharing Look at the jamboard, discuss one thing it makes you feel about good things you used to do. Do you still do them? Are they still habits? What is one thing we used to do when we were younger to make the world a better place?

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

There is a word cloud on the last slide of the Jamboard that I used for the lead-in. This should introduce and familiarize the students to some 'used to' phrases in a fun and colorful way, as well as the two other tabs in the Jamboard that have photos on them. Listen to the following transcript from a conversation between Jeff and Matt ( and contemplate some things that they used to do before the pandemic that are no longer the same): Jeff: “During the pandemic I was exercising every day, but then I got lazy and would decide to do other stuff.” Matt: “Yeah I got a few things done that I really wanted to, and then I started missing how things used to be and just wanted it all to go back to normal. Remember when we used to live next to each other and how we used to get coffee together every morning?” Jeff: “Yeah! The pandemic changed a lot of things. I used to have two jobs and now I don’t have any. And I would do fun stuff with all of our friends, but now I can’t afford to.” Matt: “Yeah I miss that. It’s strange how many things I used to do that I had to get used to doing by myself.” Jeff: “Yeah, I didn’t used to like doing so many things alone, but now I’m pretty used to it.”

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I plan to do this in exposure and lead-in, as I do not need this section in order to have the correct time for my lesson and I also believe that I will adequately accomplish this task without 'highlighting' the target language as I already assume that the students understand it

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Demonstrate MFP using the slideshow. Review some problems and hang-ups that the students may have at the end of the presentation. This is the only T-S activity in this lesson, and it will be used mainly to form a basis for the clarification of 'used to' and provide some context as to why 'used to' and 'would' can't be used interchangeably. It will also explain the differences between 'used to' and 'be used to' and 'get used to'

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) (8-10 minutes) • To practice 'used to' and how to use it

Zoom Whiteboard Complete the following sentences to make them true for you: I used to BLANK but now I can't find the time to anymore. I had a friend that used to bother me when he/she did BLANK. When I was little, I used to BLANK with my friends. Now that I am older I am used to doing BLANK. I am not used to doing BLANK. Directions: Write your answers to these sentences on a piece of paper. Select one to send to your partner in a private message so that they can read it to the class and respond to it out loud.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Google Forms - https://forms.gle/vSdFJGvxw8imHsRBA ‘Used to’ and ‘Would’ Can be used interchangeably in some cases, but ‘would’ is only used for actions that were repeated many times. When I was young, I would/used to live near my best friend. She would/use to spend a lot of time reading before she got busy with work. Working multiple jobs would/used to be hard to handle before I learned to manage my time better. They would/used to play sports together when they were in school. Until she got promoted, she would/used to hate her job. I would/used to hate eating vegetables when I was 5 years old. When I was younger I would/used to hang out with my friends a lot. Answers: 3, 4, and 7 are both. All the others are ‘used to’

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Break-Out Rooms Make a list of 3 inventions. Discuss with a partner/in pairs how life was like before these three inventions. Possible inventions to pick: wheel, compass, railways, printing press, telephone, lightbulb Engaging Questions: - Do we have any of the same inventions? - Do we agree on these inventions? - Which was the most/least important? - Which invention do we use the most in our every-day life?

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