Ronald Ronald

TP7 LP_ Ronald Baez
Pre-intermediate level


In this lesson students will learn about the present perfect simple with just, already and yet. Students will be exposed to this grammar point though an audio text about spending habits.


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of the present perfect simple with just, already and yet. in the context of spending habits

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist listening practice using a text about interviews in the context of spending habits


Warmer/Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I will have students interact in OC to try to find people in the class who fit certain characteristics. Activity: What do you spend on? Let’s find someone in class who likes to spend their money on: Technology Clothes Food Furniture Courses and education

Exposure (5-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

I will have students listen to an audio text on spending habits. Before listening I will give them a listening for specific information task. Task: The following three people were just shopping for different things. What did they buy? Use the box below to help you (You don’t have to use all the words) Speaker 1 bought _______________ Speaker 2 bought _______________ Speaker 3 bought _________________________ Answers: Speaker 1 bought __Cheese for a month ___ Speaker 2 bought ___A lot of suntan lotion _ Speaker 3 bought __Some perfume and a small necklace _

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I will have students listen to excerpts from the exposure text and fiil in the gaps. I've ____ bought my food for the week. They had some special offers on cheese! I think I've got enough for a month. Answer: Just Well, I'm always saving, but there isn't really anything I actually want to buy. I've _____ got everything I need. Answer: Already Oh! And I got a small loan last year. I haven't paid it back ____. Answer: Yet

Clarification (12-15 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Meaning: I will have students look at pictures from comic strips as example sentences and complete the explanations by choosing the correct options. Use present perfect with just in positive statements to say that something happened a very short / long time ago. Answer (Short) The present perfect with already in positive statements shows that something is complete / incomplete, often before we expected. Answer: Complete Use present perfect with yet: in an affirmative / negative statement to show that something is not complete. in a question to ask if something is complete. Answer: Yet Form: I will have students fill in the gaps with multiple choice questions in order to complete the rules of the use of just, already and yet as well as the structure for the present perfect. I have bought clothes here before Subject+have/has+ ____________+complement a.Gerund b. Infinitive c. Past participle Answer: C Choose the best place add just, already and yet. Choose the best place to add “just” Chris _______ has______ bought a new TV_____ a b c Answer: B Choose the best place to add “already” (Choose two options) I have________bought _______a new shirt_______ a b c Answer: A / C Choose the best place to add yet I haven’t______ bought______ the cake _______ a b c Answer: C Choose the correct word to fill in the gaps _____+subject+past participle+complement? _____ you paid the loan to the bank? Are b) Has c) Have d) Did Answer: C Have you gone to the new shopping mall ___? a) just b) soon c) yet d) yesterday Answer: C Pronunciation I will have students listen to an audio to learn the difference between the pronunciation of /ʤ/ and /j/. Listen to how the following words spelt with -y- and -j- are pronounced. Then listen again and repeat /ʤ/ Just Enjoy Join /j/ Yet You Young Drill and repeat Students will listen to the original audio for the following senteces and identify word stress. I've just bought my food for the week I've already got everything I need I haven't paid it back yet. ■ ■ ■ ■ I've just bought my food for the week ■ ■ ■ ■ I've already got everything I need ■ ■ ■ I haven't paid it back yet.

Controlled Practice (4-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

I will have students put the following sentences in order. 1. money/pair/lot/of/just/a/of/new/on/I've/spent/a/glasses 2. I/mobile/already/lost/month/it/new/bought/but/last/a/I've 3. winter/go/haven't/time/I/had/yet/but/shopping/I/clothes/to/some/need Answer: 1. I've just spent a lot of money on a new pair of glasses. 2. I bought a new mobile last month, but I've already lost it. 3. I need some winter clothes, but I haven't had time to go shopping yet.

Free Practice (8-9 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

I will have students discuss the following speaking activities Work in small groups. Ask and answer the questions. Are you saving up for anything at the moment? What for? How much money do you need? What things do you spend a lot of money on? How do you feel about the amount of money you spend on these things? Are there any places you'd like to go, but can't afford to? Where? Why are they expensive? Do people often ask for discounts in shops in your country? How about in markets? Are you good at getting discounts? Does anyone owe you money at the moment? Who? When do you think they'll pay you back?

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