Copy of Grammar: Present Perfect Simple
To provide practice of present perfect simple in the context of experiences.
To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation using present perfect simple.
Procedure (33-45 minutes)
I will put up 3 pictures (Paris, President Obama, baklava) on the WB. I will elicit what they are and ask students "Have you ever..." questions. If a student answers yes, I will ask a past simple follow up question. (e.g. -Have you ever eaten baklava? -Yes. -When did you eat baklava?) If they answer no, I will rephrase the "Have you ever..." question to get a yes answer. (e.g. -Have you ever seen President Obama on TV? - Yes. - When did you see him?)
From this, I will get my target language sentences on the WB. I will write "Have you ever eaten baklava?" and the answer, "Yes, I have eaten baklava" under the baklava picture. I will cover the meaning first by asking CCQs. "Are we talking about the past?" (Answer: Yes) "Can it happen again sometime in the future?" (Answer: Yes) I want to know more details so I will ask "When did you eat baklava?" and I will write the answer, "I ate it last week." I will briefly explain the difference between Present Perfect and Past Simple.
I will have students talk with their partner and find the verb in the sentences. I will highlight the verb on the sentences when they report back, and ask "Is it V1, V2 or V3?" I will write the form on the WB. Subject + Have/Has + V3 (past participle form)
I will put a V1, V2 and V3 chart on the WB, and do an example with the class using a verb we covered during lead in (eaten, visited, seen). I will drill and practice pronunciation. We will also cover verb groups regular or irregular. This will lead them into the upcoming controlled practice.
Students will work in pairs to get Ex. 1 done. They will find the V1 form of the given V3. We will check the answers WC FB. Students will move on to do Ex. 2. They will complete the dialogue using past simple or present perfect simple tenses. We will check the answers with 2 students reading the dialogue.
This will be a WC activity. Students will stand up and walk around the classroom, asking each other "Have you ever...." questions using the prompts given. If the answer is yes, they will ask more questions to find out the details. They will tell the class what they found out about each other. This exercise will help them practice present perfect simple and past simple.