Mariam Atef Mariam Atef

Defining relative clauses
Intermediate level


in this lesson, students learn how to use defining relative clauses in their conversation. The lesson starts with a personalized lead in. Ss talk about their social media life and how much do they use technology in their life. Ss work together to match some words and definitions. They analyse some sentences and how relative clauses are used in these sentences.


Abc Gap-filling, images
Abc Gap-filling, images
Abc ppt
Abc New Cutting Edge Intermediate Student Book

Main Aims

  • By the end of the lesson, ss will have practiced the defining relative clauses in the context of life experiences and technology.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To review defining relative pronouns.


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Ss discuss what they did after the global outage of Facebook, instagram and Whatsapp . Ss answer some personalized question about technology and applications. 1- What are the applications you use which waste your time? 2- When was the last time you used your Facebook account? 3- What are the applications which you cannot get rid of? 4- What is the application which you can get rid of? 5- How do you use technology in your life?

Reading task (5-6 minutes) • To contextualize the TL

Ss match some technological terms and concepts to their definitions.

Language clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the TL

-Part one: T says 'A technophobe is a person who doesn’t like computers.' 1. What is the relative pronoun that is used? (who) 2. What am I referring to? ( technophobe) 3. Do we use 'who' for people or for things (People) Pronunciation 4. Can we replace who with that? (Yes) Form: who is a relative pronoun, 'who doesn’t like computers' is a relative clause. Do we write a comma? (No) -Part two : 'Did you see the hat which was on the bed?' 1. What is the relative pronoun that is used? (which) 2. What am I referring to? (hat) 3. Do we use 'which' for things or for people? (things) 4. Can we replace which with that? (Yes) -Part 3 ' This is the place where we met him' 1. What is the relative adverb that I used? (where) 2. What I'm referring to? (Place) 3. Do we use where for places or things? (places) Pronunciation Form:where (relative adverb) where we met him: defining relative clause -Part 4 'Do you know the boy whose bag is heavy?' 1. What is the relative pronoun that I used? (whose) 2. Does 'whose' refer to a person that something belongs to ?(Yes) Pronunciation Form: 'whose' is a relative pronoun, 'whose bag is heavy' is a defining relative clause

Controlled Practice (5-8 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to practice the TL

Ss work together in groups to join the two sentences using a suitable relative pronoun.

Freer Practice (7-10 minutes) • To practice the defining relative clauses in ss' conversation.

Plan A: Ss select some photos they’d like to talk about from their phones. They use defining relative clauses in their sentences. Plan B: provide ss with images to describe in groups. They use defining relative clauses in their sentences.

Content and linguistic Feedback (4-6 minutes) • To share ideas and to correct some mistakes.

Content Feedback : Ask students ' Anyone had a common description in their photos?' 'What is the most interesting photo in your group?' Linguistic Feedback: Some wrong and right sentences are written on the screen. Ss correct the mistakes.

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