Tansica S Tansica S

Pre-Intermediate level


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, practice and review of modal verbs (should/shouldn't and must/mustn't) in the context of applying for jobs

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide scan reading practice using a text about advices on applying for jobs in the context of US State Department
  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of using modals (must and should) when giving job advices


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T to ask Ss to write in the chat the answer to two questions: 1. What do you do at your job? 2. Name one or two pieces of advice someone gave you when you applied for the job? T will model by sharing their own experience.

Exposure (6-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T continue the theme of the lesson and explain to Ss that they will be given a reading and a form to answer about a person asking his friend for job advice. Before T give Ss the materials, T will ask if they have any questions. Ss are to complete a form to check their comprehension during the reading. Ss will share their answers with a classmate. OCFB.

Highlighting (1 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T will set the context for today's lesson: modal verbs. T shows a list of modal verbs and ask Ss if they can think of any other modal verbs: Hint: M---- (must) S------- (should)

Language Clarification (6-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

3 MINUTES - MEANING - T go over the uses for SHOULD - T read the usages - T elicits from Ss which sample sentence fulfills which use - T completes one sample sentence as a model for the Ss. Repeat with MUST 3 MINUTES - FORM/APPROPRIACY* - T reads the rules for using modal verbs - T to guide Ss to apply rules to correct/modify the sample sentences 3-4 MINUTES - PRONUNCIATION SHOULD: - T to state she will say the word twice and Ss are to listen and tell her which letter is silent. T to ask if Ss are ready. Should x2 Elicit answer from Ss Ss repeat x2 MUST: - T to ask Ss to listen and determine if they hear 1 "t", 2 "t"s, or no "t". MUST x2 Is the T pronounced or not? Yes. Ss repeat x2 MUSTN'T x 2 Do you hear one or two "t"s? ONE (musn't) Ss repeat x2 I must go x 2 1T, 2T, or 0T? T mark on screen - mus go Ss repeat x2 I must arrive x 2 1T, 2T, or 0T? T mark on screen - musta rrive Ss repeat x2 Ask if Ss have any questions before moving on.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ss are to complete a worksheet reviewing should/n't and must/n't. Worksheet includes - gap exercise - rephrasing modal into questions in positive and negative form - True/False questions dealing with should/must pronunciation. If time allows, PW to check answers. If not, T will show an answer key for OCFB.

Free Practice (8-12 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T will instruct Ss to pretend their partner is asking for advice on how to enter their respective career field. 1. What MUST they do to become a [your profession]? (Hint: Think about qualifications, degrees, length of training, physical requirement) 2. Is there something they should or should not do? (Hint: Think about behaviors, personalities, best practices) OCFB

Delayed Error Correction (5 minutes) • to check students' grammar

T aims to highlight one use of positive language and three errors.

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