TP 3 - Lexis
Upper Intermediate level
To introduce and practice forming adjectives.
To provide fluency speaking practice in the target language (adjectives) through a discussion in the context of describing family members..
Procedure (34-43 minutes)
Ask students to discuss the topic of inspirations in teams (~2 mins). Have a sentence (and maybe photo) on slide 1 to encourage Ss to offer inspirational advice. A specific topic will be given, ex: advice on life’s ups & downs (words of encouragement). CCQ: inspiration: moved to do something, usually creative.
The students will read the text and decide what the missing word is (~2 mins). They will have some options to choose from. There is only one word that fits all of the blanks. Tell them to ignore the bolded words for now. ICQ: How many words go in the blanks? (one) Does the same word go in all of the blanks? (yes) Do you complete this individually or in pairs? (individually) What word best fits in the blanks? smile (correct answer) Flowers (plural & doesn’t make sense that someone is too tired to give you flowers) Heart (doesn’t really make sense: a heart costs nothing but gives much…) Compare answers in pairs/group in the chat before OCFB (~1 mins) Singular noun because of the article; can you give it to someone? (abstractly)
Now students will focus on the bolded words in the text and underline/pick the suffixes in google forms (~2 mins). Not all of the bolded words in the text have suffixes ICQ: what are suffixes? (added to words to create adjectives, specifically the end of nouns) Do you know any examples? (-ful, -ed, -y, etc) How does this differ from prefixes? (pre = front, usually to create opposites of words, ex: un-happy). Give demo with powerful or valuable on google forms. o Beneficial (ial) o Wealthy (y) o Powerful (ful) o Penniless (less) o Unhappy (no suffix) o Discouraged (ed) o Optimistic (ic) o Depressed (ed) o Anxious (ious) o Insecure (no suffix) o Valuable (able) o Tired (ed) Compare answers in pairs/group in the chat before OCFB (~1 min)
Clarify MFP of adjectives used in the lesson on google slides. Beneficial (/ˌbɛnəˈfɪʃəl/) CCQ: is this good or bad? (good) Is this similar to helpful? (yes) FCQ: What is the root word? (benefit) What is the suffix/prefix? (ial) Pron: Suffix adds another syllable, but where is the stress? (FI) Weak suffix: don’t pronounce ci-al, just cial (sh sound) Wealthy (/ˈwɛl.θi/) CCQ: does this person have money? (yes) Do they have a lot or a little? (a lot) Synonym: rich FCQ: what is the suffix here? (-y) Root word = wealth Pron: don’t stress -y; 2 syllables Penniless (/ˈpɛ.nɪ.ləs/) CCQ: what’s the opposite of wealthy? (poor) If you’re poor, do you have any money? (no, penniless) FCQ: Prefix of suffix? (suffix) Pron: how many syllables? (3) Where is the stress? (PE) Don’t stress -less, it has weak e Unhappy (/ʌnˈhæpi/) CCQ: is this the same as happy? (no) What is an antonym for happy? (sad) FCQ: prefix or suffix? (prefix) Where does it go? (in front) Pron: adds a syllable (now 3); Where is the stress? (HAP); weak u sound in un Discouraged/discouraging (/dɪsˈkʌɹɪd͡ʒd/) CCQ: Are you hopeful or not hopeful? (not hopeful) Do you feel sad/upset or happy? (upset) Do you have confidence? (no) FCQ: suffix; can you use it only with -ed? (no, can use -ing too) -ed & -ing: adjectives of feeling have 2 forms Pron: where is the stress? (COUR); how many syllables? (3) Don’t add syllable for -ed; weak a sounds like I Optimistic (/ˌɒptɪˈmɪstɪk/) CCQ: Is this negative or positive? (positive) Has something happened or will it happen? (will happen; expecting) Are you expecting something good or bad to happen? (good) FCQ: What is the suffix? (-ic) Pron: syllables? (4) Where is the stress? (MIS) Weak I before stress; K sound at end Anxious (/ˈæŋ(k).ʃəs/) CCQ: Is this a good or bad feeling? (bad) Do you know what is going to happen? (usually no) Synonyms: worried, nervous FCQ: What’s the root word? (anxiety) Suffix? (-ious) Pron: 2 syllables; Xi= sh sound; g sound between an & x Insecure (/ɪnsəˈkjʊə(ɹ)/) CCQ: Are you comfortable or uncomfortable? (un) Are you confident? (no) Are you in danger? (psychically, not likely) FCQ: suffix or prefix? (pre) Difference between In & un secure (felling not confident vs being unsafe) Pron: 3 syllables; cure pronounced with a qu sound, not c/k
Students will quickly (~2 mins) complete a gap-fill exercise to check they have understood how adjectives are formed and check the meaning of the new adjective. ICQ: How long do you have? (2 minutes) Is this individual or in pairs? (individual). Give demo with the first one, ex: Sometimes the most use___(ful/less) thing to do is to stop and think! CCQ: effective: getting the result you wanted; pessimist: ; worse: less good. Fill in the gap with the correct suffix or prefix. Make sure the new adjective matches the meaning of the sentence. To be effective, sometimes the most use___(ful/less) thing to do is to stop and think! People who are pessimist__(less/ic) never get disappointed. Some people are successful because they are talent__(ed/less). Tell the truth even if it hurts because its worse to be ___honest (in/dis). Nothing is __possible (im/ un) if you keep trying! Compare answers in pairs via private messages in the chat box before OCFB (~2 mins)
Students will now pick 3 adjectives from a list on google slides to speak about in BORs. Try to pick at least one negative and one positive adjective. With a partner, the students will describe their family or friends using the adjectives they chose, and ask follow-up questions (~2-3 mins per person) Pick 3 adjectives from below: Positive: Interesting, successful, wonderful, talented, exciting Negative: disappointing, dishonest, unpopular Feedback and DEC (~2 mins)