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Countries and flags
A1 level


In this lesson, Ss learn about countries and flags, they will be introdued to the word "Country" and the english version of country names. The lesson starts with some visual display of a picture of random flags via the overhead projector and getting the students to name them. This is followed by a listening activity wherethe Ss listen to the audio and try to see if they had the same answers. Then, there is a free practice where Ss work in pairs, after that we will do and extra actovity that demonstrates classroom language.


Abc OHP demonstration

Main Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a Conversation in the context of countries

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a Conversation in the context of contries and flags


Warmer/Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Books closed. Write the name of the country you are in now on the board. Elicit or teach the word country. Elicit or teach the word countries.

Exposure (2-3 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through an exercise

Point to the different flags on the visual and ask: What countries can you see?

Highlighting (5-9 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Put students into pairs and give them 2 minutes to try and say what countries they can see in the picture. Take FB as a class. Write students’ ideas on the board.

Clarification (5-8 minutes) • Listening activity - To give practise listening for specific information

Play the recording for students to listen to other people talk about the picture. Do the speakers say the names of the countries on the board? Check answers as a class (the UK, Spain, Mexico, Brazil, Italy, the USA, China and Japan).

Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

In pairs, students think of other countries they know in English. Take feedback as a class and write any new countries on the board.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Go through the pictures of some landmarks from the countries that we have seen in the previous ex, and illicit the name of the country in which every landmark is in.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Divide the class into three or four groups, I will remove the names of the landmarks from the board but keep the names of the countries, then I will give each group a set of blank sheets where they have to write the names of the landmarks they have seen earlier and any landmarks they know from the same country, or anything else that identifies the country. Then I will proceed to switch the papers of the groups, this way each group will end up with the sheets of another, then I will give them pictures of the countries, and ask each group to match the pictures of the countries with the landmarks.

Extra activity (6-9 minutes) • To introduce Ss to classroom language

Open books, Demonstrate the classroom language. Say: Listen. and put my hand to my ear, andplay recording 1.2 (just play the speaker saying Track 1.2 then stop the audio). Point to the picture and repeat the word: Listen. Use a similar procedure for the other classroom language on this page. Work in pairs (stand next to a confident student and gesture to encourage other students to find a partner too.) Books closed. Play recording 1.2 and do the movements for each action, encourage the Ss to do them with me

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