Casey Casey

TP7 Gerunds and Infinitives
Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson students are introduced to gerunds and infinitives and are taught how, when and why each is naturally used in a sentence.


Abc Google Forms, Google Slides, Google Docs, Jamboard, Zoom
Abc TP Lesson Material

Main Aims

  • To provide practice, clarification and review of gerunds and infinitives in the context of famous peoples concerns

Subsidiary Aims

  • To have students identify gerunds and infinitives in use in a sentence, to have them discuss their personal beliefs on celebrity statements.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Lesson begins by asking the students "If you were rich and famous, what would you be doing with your time?" followed by "What would you have to worry about?" These questions aim to introduce students to the target language by suggesting activities in the gerund or infinitive form and introduce them the topic context of the lesson.

Exposure (2-3 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Students are asked to read quotes from several famous celebrities and are asked if they agree or disagree with the statements. They are then asked if there are any verbs being used as nouns.

Highlighting (4-6 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Each of the quotes from the exposure section is isolated as sentences and are used to highlight the target language. Students are elicited to recognize these verbs as nouns first in each sentence: one sentence for showing use of gerunds and one for infinitives, with two more sentences showing both forms used in combination.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

This stage goes over meaning and form of both gerunds and infinitives. Both of these are taught side by side to show how they are similarly used. The distinction of when each is used is emphasized by using a jam board exercise to familiarize students with types of verbs that can only be used with a gerund or an infinitive. Then exceptions are shown for gerund: that is it best used for subjects and complements and following a preposition. Likewise, exceptions are shown for infinitives being best used after adjectives and nouns in a sentence. Pronunciation is sparsely covered to convey that 'to' in the infinitive is weak and the 'g' in gerunds is rarely stressed or said.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students are given a selection of four sentences to choose the proper gerund/infinitive form to match, this is done as a group. Students are the put into breakout rooms with a Google Form of 15 questions regarding gerund/infinitive use, with several minutes to complete the exercise. Students are then shown the answer key followed by feedback on the activity.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Students are then given a google doc of sentences to be completed with the proper gerund/infinite form and are sent into breakout rooms to complete the activity. This is followed by feedback on the free practice exercise and delayed error correction as needed.

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