TP7 Making Plans
Upper Intermediate level
After this lesson, Ss will be able to discern the meaning differences (if any) between the use of "will," "going to," and the present continuous in the context of making future plans.
Pronunciation practice of the forms of "I'll" and "I'm going to"
Practice with another applicable use of the present continuous
Practice of listening skills in the context of future plans
Procedure (40-45 minutes)
PPT #1 with collage of holiday images. Ss will be asked to predict what they think the common topic is (the upcoming holidays), leading to what they plan to do this coming year.
Gist listening: Ss shown PPT #2: Making Plans! As you listen to Richard and James, answer these questions: Where are Richard and James planning to go? What other event might cause a problem? Ss listen to recording 10.1 from the TB materials (1.26) Detailed listening: Ss are shown PPT #3: Making Plans! This time as you listen, note what they are saying. Complete this question sheet: https://forms.gle/BXPjsUzqLmnsiESs5 Ss are shown PPT #4 to check their answers: Listen, the reason I'm calling is I’m going to take my nephew Sam to his first football match on Saturday. I'm sure mum won't mind if I leave then ... I’ll tell her it's something really important. By the way, have you thought about how to get there? Are you going to take the train like we did last time? My sister's dropping him at my place around three, so that we've got plenty of time. I’ll pick you up from your mum's if you like.
MEANING Ss are shown PPTs #5-12, which introduces them to the TL and nuances of meaning in the phrases: 1) Could Richard have said this? Why/why not? Listen, the reason I'm calling is I’ll take my nephew Sam to his first football match on Saturday. No, this statement doesn’t make sense. When you use “will,” as in “I will take my nephew to the match,” it usually indicates a decision made in the moment or a step among many in a plan. Ex.: First, I’ll pick up some snacks for the game, then I’ll pick up Sam and take him to the game, and then we’ll go out for dinner. Ex.: I’ll take Sam to the game and you can go out to lunch with your friend. 2) Could James have said this? Why/why not? I'm sure mum won't mind if I leave then ... I’m going to tell her it's something really important. Yes! This is an optional way to phrase your plan. We use “going to” to express present intent for the future. In this case, James could have used either form: I’ll tell her it’s something really important. I’m going to tell her it’s something really important. Either way, there is the implication that what he is going to tell her is sort of true or not really true. In this case, the importance is exaggerated (made more urgent than it really is) for the sake of making the excuse to leave. 3) Could Richard have said this? Why/why not? My sister's dropping him at my place around three, so that we've got plenty of time. I’m going to pick you up from your mum's if you like. No, this statement doesn’t make sense. Same use as before: We use “going to” to express present intent for the future. In this example, the phrase doesn’t work because of the addition of “if you like” at the end. “I’m going to …” expresses definite intent. “If you like” makes it a suggestion. If that was meant, Richard would say this: “I’m going to pick you up from your mum’s.” Explanation Slide 11: Slight Differences … many times you can use either I will / I'll: When a decision is made in the moment of speaking as a plan is being made – understood as a suggestion or that you are offering to do something. OR When a definite plan has been made and is being explained. I'm going to: Expresses present intentions or ideas for the future (decision was made previously) OR When a definite plan has been made and is being explained. PPT #12: You can also use the present continuous: Option 1: I’ll pick up Sam for the game. Option 2: I’m going to pick up Sam for the game. Option 3: I’m picking up Sam for the game. FORM PPT #13 With inclusion of sentences on previous slide, form information is added: You’ll note that no matter what you choose, the form is similar: Option 1: [subject + modal verb] + verb phrase + complement Option 2: [subject + aux verb] + verb phrase + complement Option 3: [subject + aux verb] + verb phrase + complement PRONUNCIATION PPT #14
Ss shown PPT #15: Let’s Plan a Party! You are planning a dinner party and will invite four guests (living or dead): An actor/actress A world or political leader An artist or musician A family member Take one minute and write down two choices for each category. Ss shown PPT #16: Tell us about your guests! Write these four sentences individually. Complete the first gaps with the correct form of the verb in parentheses (don’t forget to add “to” or “-ing” if needed). Complete the second gap with a person you selected. I ___________ (go) invite ___________ as the actor. I ___________ (plan) invite ___________ as the leader. I ___________ (will) invite ___________ as the artist. I ___________ (am/invite) ____________ as my family member. (3 minutes, please) Ss shown PPT #17 Check how you did! I am going to invite ___________ as the actor. I plan to invite ___________ as the leader. I will invite ___________ as the artist. I am inviting ____________ as my family member. Remember that various forms of these statements are all acceptable: I’m going to invite … I’m planning to invite … I’ll invite … I’m inviting … Discussion and answering of Qs as students read their answers to the FiG.
Ss shown PPT #18: Plan with a Co-Host. 10 minutes of free practice with OCFB and DEC as time allows.