Entry 3 level
To provide clarification and practice of simple past tense in the context of "the last weekend"
To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice in a simple past in the context of last weekend
Procedure (109-180 minutes)
T introduces the topic and provides learning objectives to students. A brainstorming activity takes place. T writes 'Weekend' on the board and elicits ideas/feelings/experiences related to it. Discussion is promoted.
Students will be exposed to the target language in a meaningful experience. The main objective for this is to use materials in a context-embedded learning experience. For this lesson, I have chosen a short story. It is engaging and the target language is in context. For the exposure stage then, students will read the story individually as part of a "gist" activity. Students will be asked to answer questions related to it. Finally, students are asked to provide a title for the story. Whole group discussion takes place.
As students answer the questions orally from the previous activity (using the target language) the teacher writes 3 to 5 answers/sentences on the board. T will underline the target language. Ideas provided before will be now embedded in the TL. T and SS work together to discuss meaning and form of their productions. Therefore, T-Sts work together to clarify grammar structure/past inflections and check the meaning/usage of the structures. Finally, T will model and drill pronunciation sentence examples. SS are encouraged to drill pronounciation. In this part, simple past pronounciation rules will be emphasized /t/ /d/ /id/
The Controlled Practice stage will be divided into two main areas: Grammar and Pronounciation Pronounciation: To clarify the pronounciation rules introduced in the previous stage, the teacher will draw the three columns on the board for: / t/ /d/ /id/ Several verbs will be provided and T and Sts will work together to "categorise" each verb according to its pronounciation and be placed accordingly. Grammar: students will be provided with grammar exercises for them to practice and focus on structure. Students will be given time to work individually and then, group correction will take place. As learners work on the activities, T monitors performance.
Tell a Story Students will work in groups to make up stories. For this, each group will be given a card with some ideas that should be included in the story. The aim is that students use the target language in a creative and meaningful way. Groups will be given time to discuss their story. Students should provide the characters and setting of the short story. NOTE: T emphasizes to the students that this is a speaking activity and not a writing activity, so while they can jot down a few words, they cannot write full sentences. Once the thinking time is up, each group goes in turn telling their story. T emphasizes that everyone is to listen carefully to the story and think of an interesting question to ask.
Interactive Game: Spin the Wheel T and Sts spin an interactive wheel and answer questions related to their last weekend.