Bibiana Medina Bibiana Medina

Copy of Past Perfect simple and Past simple tenses.
Grade 8 level


By the end of this lesson , students will be able to: Practise the past perfect simple , identify the form , time expressions and usages , review the past simple tense form , usages and focus on its role with the past perfect simple as a second action, learn how to sequence the events in the past and decide what happened before the other, differentiate between the past simple and past perfect simple in the order of events, practise the differences between the two tenses through controlled and semi controlled practice , deduce the rules and forms through context and produce the target language through speaking and writing activities.


Abc Pens
Abc Students' copybooks
Abc Kahoot!
Abc School tablets connected to the internet
Abc Padlet
Abc short story picture
Abc power point presentation (ppt.)
Abc Smart board
Abc whiteboard
Abc Pictures
Abc Pens
Abc Pictures
Abc Pictures
Abc Pictures

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of the past perfect simple tense.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide deduction reading practice using a text about the grammar rules and forms of the past simple along with the past perfect simple.
  • To provide scan reading practice using a text about the past perfect simple and past simple
  • To provide clarification of the difference between first and second action in the past.
  • To provide clarification, review and practice of language used for of the past perfect simple and past simple
  • To provide process and product writing practice of a short story.
  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a narrating a short story.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Teacher will stick three pictures on the board and tell the Ss that each picture indicates a word of the title of the lesson (past - perfect - tense) , meanwhile the teacher will help them with his/her body language or any clues needed.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

* Teacher will divide Ss into groups; each group will read the short story about the past perfect simple then they will be asked to underline the sentences related to the lesson. Teacher will ask the students to work in groups and: • Start scanning the sentences and identify the first action and the second one , then to determine what are the tenses which express the first action and the second action • Read for detailed understanding and underlining the sentence indicator (after-before) *After Ss finish the task * The teacher elicits and shares the students’ answers.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Teacher will ask Ss to go back to the short story and underline the main verbs and how they are conjugated.(past simple - past perfect simple) Teacher will deduce that there are two tenses with different forms , one (past perfect simple) which is used to show a past action that happened before the other past action (past simple) then teacher will ask Ss to remind their colleagues of the forms and usages of the past simple. Teacher will highlight the new form of the past perfect simple(had+past participle) and refer to the table of irregular verbs at the back of their books and remind them that the past participle of the regular verbs is similar to that of the past simple.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning and form of the target language

• The teacher will present the lesson via PPT on the smart board. • The teacher will explain when Ss use past perfect simple tense and when to use the past simple tense . Students will learn that we use the past perfect (had+past participle): *For an action which finished before another past action or before a stated time in the past and here the teacher will ask Ss which tense they are going to use in the second action(past simple) *For a general situation in the past. - Teacher will ask Ss to try remembering other time expressions of the past perfect simple : before – after –till – until – by the time. Teacher will indicate the order of actions with these time expressions After first action , second action As soon as (past perfect) (past simple) Before second action , first action By the time (past simple) (past perfect) second action first action negative ( past perfect) (past simple) till – until

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Teacher will share a link of Padlet with Ss and ask them to work individually trying to answer the task on Past perfect simple via Padlet. Teacher will give them five minutes to finish the tash and during the activity , teacher will monitor them and scaffold. Teacher will share the padlet with Ss' answers on the smart board and give immediate feedback if there are any mistakes.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Ss are going to work in groups in order to answer related exercises via kahoot. Teacher will only motivate and encourage them and then declare the winner of these two challanges.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Teacher will divide Ss into groups and ask each group to write a short story about one of the following topics ( Sam's first day at school - a story that has this ending .... it was the worst holiday i had ever had in my life ) Ss from each group are going to present their story infront of the other groups. Groups after hearing each other's story are going to vote for the best group with the best story.

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