Anastasiya Anastasiya

Ancient Mayan. civilisation
A2+ level


In this lesson, students learn how to talk about the past and develop their fluency in the context of ancient Mayan civilisation. Students receive a mission to learn about Mayan life and reveal the mystery of that civilization.


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Main Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice about the past in the context of ancient Mayan civilisation

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide review of the past simple tense in the context of ancient Mayan civilisation


Warmer/Lead-in (1-2 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T introduces the mission of the lesson. S should go back in time and reveal the secrets of the Mayan civilisation that people didn't know for centuries. S should also make a vlog about the journey and post it on social media. T gives a few seconds to look through the text and then asks the student about his mission. If necessary, T clarifies the mission for the lesson.

Clarification (6-7 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T sets a task to match pictures with the verbs. Then, students are given a task to match past forms with the given verbs. T then drills pronunciation of those past forms that students had problems with.

Controlled Practice (3-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T sets a task to complete the gaps with the past forms of the target verbs. The information given is about the life of Chichen Itza, one of the ancient cities of the Mayan civilisation.

Semi-Controlled Practice (2-3 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T gives students a choice of roles they could take from ancient times. S should choose warrior, astronomer, king, or poor and describe their life back then.

Free Practice (3-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T presents three possible reasons for the end of the Mayan civilisation. Ss should use words in the box and describe three possible ends of the civilisation. T monitors and writes down some good and bad examples of language use,

Freer Practice (3-5 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to develop fluency; To summarise the lesson

T has a choice of two tasks: a vlog and social media post T may choose one or do both depending on the time left and student’s preferences. T listens to students and writes down some examples of good and bad language.

Feedback and DEC (1-2 minutes) • To develop students' accuracy

T summarizes the lesson and outlines strong points and weak points of the student language in the format of sandwich: A good example of the language use Area of improvement A good example of the language use T should give a chance to self-correct by presenting 1-2 mistakes the student did at free/freer practice.

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