B1 Intermediate level
By the end of the lesson, students will have had clarification on the meaning, form, and pronunciation of present perfect simple and past simple tenses, and will have practiced this in a controlled and freer excercise
To manage a more technical lesson with more instruction than prior coruses in the allotted time.
Procedure (33-45 minutes)
Lesson begins by asking the students "If you were rich and famous, what would you be doing with your time?" followed by "What would you have to worry about?" These questions aim to introduce students to the target language by suggesting activities in the gerund or infinitive form and introduce them the topic context of the lesson.
Students are asked to read quotes from several famous celebrities and are asked if they agree or disagree with the statements.
Each of the quotes from the exposure section is isolated as sentences and are used to highlight the target language. Students are elicited to recognize these verbs as nouns first in each sentence: one sentence for showing use of gerunds and one for infinitives, with two more sentences showing both forms used in combination.
This stage goes over meaning and form of both gerunds and infinitives. Both of these are taught side by side to show how they are similarly used. The distinction of when each is used is emphasized by using a jam board exercise to familiarize students with types of verbs that can only be used with a gerund or an infinitive. Then exceptions are shown for gerund: that is it best used for subjects and complements and following a preposition. Likewise, exceptions are shown for infinitives being best used after adjectives and nouns in a sentence. Pronunciation is not focused as there are no clear pronunciation issues relating to the target language.
Students are given a selection of four sentences to choose the proper gerund/infinitive form to match, this is done as a group. Students are the put into breakout rooms with a Google Form of 15 questions regarding gerund/infinitive use, with several minutes to complete the exercise. Students are then shown the answer key followed by feedback on the activity.
Students are then given a google doc of sentences to be completed with the proper gerund/infinite form and are sent into breakout rooms to complete the activity. This is followed by feedback on the free practice exercise and delayed error correction as needed.