Aygun Aygun

TP 2, Practice in speaking for fluency and making generalisations
Upper intermediate, B2 level


This lesson is the continuation of the topic "Alive and Well." The lesson will start with a lead- in discussion of modern life and the past. The listening activity that comes afterwards will give some ideas what differences people have as well. Then they will sort out the words used to make generalisations and practise them in their speaking.


Abc Listening HO, p 14
Abc Language Focus HO p14
Abc Discussion cards
Abc Answer key
Abc Recording in computer
Abc Google images
Abc Strips of paper for grouping

Main Aims

  • To give Ss practice in speaking for fluency and making generalisations and exceptions.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To raise Ss awareness of and give practice in functional words and phrases for generalising - "in general", "by and large",etc- and making exceptions - "not counting", "apart from" etc. To give Ss practice in listening for specific information and detail.


Lead -in (2-4 minutes) • To engage Ss in the topic

Greet Ss. Tell them that they are going to work in pairs and tell them to sit back to back. Each of them will be given a picture and they don't show it to their partner. They need to describe the picture. Monitor while pairs are describing. As they finish ask what the difference was between the pictures. Write a sentence "Modern life is ........ than in the past." ask them to fill in the gap with their own ideas.

Listening specific information (3-5 minutes) • To provide Ss with less challenging specific information listening task

Tell Ss they will listen to three people. Listen to ex 1 and check if those people have the same ideas as them. Check in pairs. Take some FB.

Listening / Detail (4-6 minutes) • To provide Ss with more challenging detailed listening task

Focus Ss on listening ex 2. Discuss in pairs if they remember any of the answers. Then listen again. Ss stick the right answers to the answer key on the board.

Language Focus (4-6 minutes) • To raise Ss awareness of functioanal words for generalising

Write on the board "general" "generalise" and "generalisation" and elicit the meaning of these words. Focus on ex 1 LF. Work in pairs and underline the words used for generalising. Take FB

Language Focus (5-7 minutes) • To give practice in functional words for generalising

Group them according to the words that they pick up.( generally, typically, mostly) Focus Ss on ex 2. Monitor the groups. Take FB. Drill sentences ( In general, modern life is more stressful) ( it typically took longer to get to places) ( by and large, things have just become a lot easier)

Language Focus (3-5 minutes) • To show the difference between generalisation and exception.

Focus Ss on ex 3 LF. As they know what generalisation is they can figure out which words are exceptions. While working in group monitor and help if there any difficulties. Take some FB

Personalisation (10-12 minutes) • To practice speaking for fluency and making generalisation

Ss will perform a talk show. 3 learners will be hosts, Give them time to think how they will start and carry on the show. The rest of the Ss discuss ex A in small groups. Monitor and encourage them to use the words for generalising. While each group is performing, the other groups will play the "audience" that agree or disagree with their ideas and by the end of the performance the "audience" will tell how well "talk show guests" used generalisation phrases.

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