Pre Intermediate level
To provide practice on the use of the present perfect (ever - never)
To provide students with tasks that will help them use the present perfect outside of class
Procedure (35-43 minutes)
I will ask students to go into break out rooms for 3 minutes and ask them to think about three things that they have accomplished and tell their peers, I will post in the chat box that they will have to start their sentences with "I have succeeded at...." or "I have accomplished...." or "I have..." CCQs: What is an accomplishment? something that is successful after a lot of work. How much time will you be in the break out rooms? three minutes With what sentences should you start your sentences? "I have succeeded at...." or "I have accomplished...." or "I have..."
I will send the students a google forms task where they will be asked to listen and read the conversation and answer which tense does the speakers use? Students will go into break out rooms and answer the question in pairs, before whole class feedback. A: Have you ever made a speech in public? B: No, never. Have you? A: Yes, I have, I made a speech at work. B: Really? When did you do that? A: As a conference last year I was really nervous. B:I am not surprised. Ok Have you ever made friends with someone from another country? A: No I haven't, but my brother has, he met a woman from Chile. In 2006 in fact, they got married a week ago! When they come back I will ask the students: Why did you chose that tense? What can you tell about the time? When we use the present perfect do we talk about a specific time? No, we use vague words to talk about time, (recently, this year, last week, this month etc.) When we talk in past simple do we talk about a specific time? yes we use specific words like (today, in 2006, yesterday, etc)
Meaning: I will show the students some sentences from the course book, and ask the student what do they mean? CCQs: Are the actions over? yes Are they talking in the past? they are talking in the present about actions in the past. Have you ever... ... made a speech in front of other people? ... made friends with someone from another country? ... made a meal for five people or more? ... made a phone call in another language? ... made a terrible mistake? ... made a difficult decision? ... done a project that took more than one week? ... done something interesting with a group of friends? ... done a dangerous sport? ... done business in another language? ... done well/badly in an exam? ... done your homework on the bus? Form: I will select four sentences to show the students the form of the present tense. 1. Have you ever made a meal for five people or more? 2. Have you ever made a speech in front of other people? 3. Have you ever done business in another language? 4. Have you ever done a dangerous sport? I will ask students: What can you see in terms of form? How are the sentences constructed? Have + subject + ever + past participle +... (I will ask the students to answer one of the questions and then we will deconstruct the form together.) How would the answer look like?Subject + have + never + past participle +... / Subject + have + past participle + ... What can you tell me about stress in "Have you ever made a speech in public?" I will remind students that Stress is when we give particular emphasis or importance to a point statement or idea. I will model the sentence and highlight the stress in : Speech and Public. I will remind them that the intonation is also at the end of the question as often questions are. Pronunciation: I will ask the students to listen to the conversation again and notice how "have" changes in the question and in the answer. What did you notice? when asking "have" has a weak stress in the /həv/ , /əv/ and when answering "have" has a strong stress in the /hæv/ I will ask them to say it together: "Have" and finally I will individually ask students to say the whole sentence. "Have you ever made a meal for five people or more?" "I have never cooked a meal for five people" Appropriacy: I will ask students what they think about appropriacy. I will remind them that appropriacy the fact that a word or phrase sounds natural and is acceptable when used in a particular situation. Answer: is neutral
I will ask students to answer a google forms to practice what they just learned. Choose the correct alternative: 1. She has been/was on TV yesterday. 2. Have you ever written/ Did you ever write a speech? 3. Have you ever eaten/ did you ever eat snails? 4. Last night I have finished/ I finished the book. 5. Have you ever been/ Did you ever go to the USA? 6. She has finished/ finished the project this morning. Complete this sentences making them true for you using the Present Perfect. 1. I've.... 2. I've never......... in my life. 3. I haven't...... recently. 4. I've never...... 5. I've always.... I will give them time to go into break out rooms and compare answers before open class feedback.
I will prepare a game with the students that is called how many times since, I will use images of daily life activities where I will ask students to ask their peers starting with "How many times since... " and the image or a daily activity. The answer must start with "I have.../ I have not..." I will post this in the chat box. They will have five minutes and then whole class feedback.