nermeen nermeen

Day events, past continuous
Intermediate, grade 5 level


In this lesson, students learn the past continuous tense through guided discovery based on creating a situational context, the lesson starts with a discussion about one of their friends. This is followed by providing a context for the TL by writing their examples on the board in order to discover the meaning, form, and practice pronunciation. Finally, there is some controlled practice through the fill-in-the-gap sheet and free practice via group presentations.


Abc Gap- fill handout
Abc sequential events in the past continuous

Main Aims

  • To provide and increase active practice in using the past continuous

Subsidiary Aims

  • Develop speaking and writing for the past continuous


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T: greeting SS and raising the situation For example, T: Good morning Friends, T: How are you doing today? SS: GOOD T: Have you had a great sleeping? SS: YES T: So we are all ready for today's lesson! yes, we are!! T: Where is Jasmine? T: is she still absent? SS: yes, what is her problem? SS She was feeling sick, but she is feeling better now.

Exposure (5-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Keep asking for more details about their friend in order to provide a situational text. For example, how was she feeling? she was feeling terrible. what was her parents' action? they were taking care of her, in particular, her mom was giving her the medicine and was making for her soup, while, her father was helping her to study and following up.

Highlighting (2-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Try to use some examples using past simple and past continuous to draw their attention to the TL and make sure that my examples highlight the difference between both tenses according to the meaning, form, and pronunciation. in this stage I will use their prior knowledge for the past simple and verb to be in the past, was and were.

Clarification (8-12 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Firstly, using the SS examples and write them on the board, For example, she was sleeping, she was not eating well, they were taking care of her, ....., next elicit the meaning from the SS, Is she still feeling sick or is she still sleeping? ask some questions in the past simple followed up with asking what was happening when the event occurred, for example, her father took care of her while the mom was cooking the soup ..... use CCQ's to check their understanding if her feeling was in the past, now, or in the future. give a focus that was in a specific point of the time. Moreover, while this time I answer their question to enhance their comprehension. After that, start to elicit the form and write it on the board, subject+verb to be in the past+ the main v+ing. Finally, give attention to the pronunciation and make sure to repeat the sentences and let some repeat after me if there is a need.

Controlled Practice (6-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

The first activity, using drills to enhance the meaning and form in a practical way. Introduce fill-in-the-gap sheet, next demonstrate the process of the activity, then give clear and precise instructions in simple way and language. Finally, ask one of the students to repeat them after me for the ICQ's, elicit the answer, and write on the board if there is a need for more clarification. Then give out the material. While they are working my role is to - Monitor what they are doing from a distance - Do not interrupt - Take notes about their mistakes to correct them later, notes on their progress. - Be ready for any help and give positive feedback to encourage and motivate SS to participate.

Semi-Controlled Practice (4-8 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

In pairs. they will be asked to give one example of an event that occurred yesterday and something that happened at a specific point in time in order to practice both past simple tense and past continuous tense, and also be ready for the free controlled activity. In the end, one of them will share the sentence and give their feedback. clear instruction, followed by S repetition

Free Practice (8-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Activity instruction SS will be divided into two groups, each group will have a different sheet, Group number 1 will have pictures that include a sequence of events for a man. Group number 2 will have a similar sheet but for a woman. they will be asked to: - Write a short story describing the events the occurred during that day, try to include what was happening at some of the specific moments when those events occurred to provide more details for your story. the main aim is to encourage to correctly practice writing and speaking in using the past continuous tense. From 3 to 5 minutes for writing the story, from 4 to 5 minutes presenting. - Each group will choose a volunteer to read the story, - Enhancing group discussion related to the story - Checking on understanding the instructions clearly by asking one to repeat them. -Motivating them to use the past continuous tense, peer and teacher correction. SS feedback on the stories and the discussion.

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