TP3 LP_Isabel Lorite
Lower Intermediate level
By the end of the lesson, students will have had clarification on the meaning, form and pronunciation of "have to" in the present and past tenses and in the affirmative and negative forms, in the context of having or not a necessity to do specific things to live and work in China, and practiced this in a controlled and freer exercise.
To provide the opportunity to deal with guided discovery for target language clarification.
To provide gist listening and reading in the context of identifying the necessity of doing specific things to live and work in China.
Procedure (31-43 minutes)
I will show Ss pictures of different Chinese touristic sites (The Great Wall, Xi'An Terracora Warriors, The West Lake, Yuyuan Garden, and Shanghai bund) and ask them to guess the country they are from by showing the question "What country are these images from?". Then I will ask Ss if they would like to live in China and why/why not. After that, I will tell them that I lived in China for 7 years and that I would like to share some of my experience with them. Ss usually get very engaged when the teacher shares a personal experience and tend to pay a lot of attention to the information the teacher will provide.
I will ask Ss to try to focus on what things were and were not necessary for me to live and work in China. Next, I will read aloud a short text I created about my experience in China (it will take from 50 to 60 seconds): "To do business in different parts of China I had to travel a lot and learn about Chinese culture. I didn’t have to speak Chinese fluently, but I really had to learn some sentences in Mandarin for basic communication. I also had to stay up late many times to contact my company in Brazil because of time difference. In China you don’t have to drive because the metro is very efficient, but you have to be careful when crossing a street, as drivers are not very careful. A tourist in China has to be prepared to travel long distances but doesn’t have to worry much about security because it’s safe there." Then I will quickly elicit the points they could understand.
I will show Ss two incomplete sentences from the text and elicit different options to complete them, until getting to the answers "had to" and don't have to": 1) To do business in different parts of China I ____________ travel a lot and learn about Chinese culture. 2) In China you _____________ drive because the metro is very efficient. After that, I will send Ss the first handout (HO1 - Living and working in China") by chat and as class work I will ask them to look for the structure "have to" in the text. We will highlight the structure together every time Ss identify the following phrases: had to, didn't have to, had to, had to, don't have to, have to, has to, doesn't have to.
I will send Ss the second handout (HO2 - Guided discovery.docx), which is divided into 5 parts, as follows: Parts 1 to 3 = to clarify meaning Part 4 = to focus on form Part 5 = to focus on pronunciation We will do the first part together as a model for them to understand what exactly they are supposed to do: 1) I didn’t have to speak Chinese fluently. 1.1 - Was it necessary to speak Chinese fluently? - No 1.2 - Did I have a choice? - Yes 1.3 – Can you identify another sentence in the text that shows something is not necessary? - In China you don’t have to drive A tourist doesn’t have to worry much about security Ss will then be given 4 minutes to answer the remaing questions in pairs, in breakout rooms. Once we all return to the main session I will show them the answer key and send it by chat as well (HO2 - Guided discovery Answer key.docx). I will give students 1 minute to check their answers and then we will reinforce the pronunciation of "have to", "has to", and "had to" by choral drilling (twice) and individual drilling by naming Ss (one at a time). 2) To do business in different parts of China I ¬¬¬¬had to travel a lot and learn about Chinese culture. 2.1 - Was it necessary to travel and learn about the culture? - Yes 2.2 - Was it possible to do business in different parts of China without travelling? - No 3) In China you don’t have to drive because the metro is very efficient. 3.1 - If you change the sentence to the affirmative form, does it change the meaning? - Yes 3.2 - When do we use “have to” and “don’t have to”? “have to” = it’s necessary, no choice / “don’t have to” = it’s not necessary 4) Complete the formulas below using these words: • had to • have to • has to • didn’t have to • don’t have to • doesn’t have to AFFIRMATIVE FORM Present: I/you/we/they + have to + main verb + complement She/he + has to + main verb + complement Past: I/you/he/she/we/they + had to + main verb + complement NEGATIVE FORM Present: I/you/we/they + don’t have to + main verb + complement She/he + doesn’t have to + main verb + complement Past: I/you/he/she/we/they + didn’t have to + main verb + complement 5) How do we pronounce “have to”, “has to”, and “had to”? Choose the correct option: • have to = ( ) /ˈhæv tə/ ( X ) /ˈhæf tə/ • has to = ( X ) /ˈhæs tə/ ( ) /ˈhæz tə/ • had to = ( ) /ˈhæd tə/ ( X ) /ˈhæt tə/
I will send Ss a Google form link for a gap filling exercise (HO3 CP.docx). For each gap Ss will have to choose one option out of two. We will do the first one together as a model. Ss will be given 4 minutes to do it individually. When time is up, I will show students the answer key for feedback. 1. You ____________ write your full name. Your first name is enough. ( ) have to ( X ) don’t have to 2. We always ____________ apply for a visa to travel to the U.S. ( X ) have to ( ) don’t have to 3. I’m sorry, I ____________ answer the phone. ( X ) have to ( ) don’t have to 4. He starts work at 6 a.m., so he ____________ wake up early every day. ( X ) has to ( ) doesn’t have to 5. Don’t worry, you ____________ do your homework. ( ) have to ( X ) don’t have to 6. I ____________ wait for a long time in line. It was really fast. ( ) had to ( X ) didn’t have to 7. We ____________ drive. We can go on foot. ( ) have to ( X ) don’t have to 8. The flight was delayed. They ____________ wait for three hours to board. ( X ) had to ( ) didn’t have to 9. Today is casual day, so she ____________ wear formal clothes. ( ) has to ( X ) doesn’t have to 10. I am glad he ____________ take any medicine. ( ) has to ( X ) doesn’t have to
I will ask Ss to work in pairs (in breakout rooms) for 5 minutes to discuss the following points: - Talk to your partner about 2 things you have to do at work, and why. - Do you have any activities in common? When we all return to the main session, we will do open class feedback. The whole freer practice will last around 10 minutes. After that, I will work on DEC with them in the last 5 minutes.