Maram Maram

past simple
elementary year 2 level


At the end of the lesson students will be able to: *Identify and instruct past simple tense. *Talk about previous real life situations using at least 5 regular past simple verbs.


Abc Whiteboard- pictures –Flashcards- Worksheets.

Main Aims

  • To introduce the past simple tense to express actions that started and ended in the past using regular verbs.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To practice expressing past events using past simple tense


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The teacher shows the students a picture (pic1) of a couple at Sydney Opera House and Harbor Bridge in the background which are found in Australia “This is the Sydney Opera House. It is in Australia.” “This is Julie and Brian.” “They visited Australia Last summer.”

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

*The teacher then elicit answers about the picture using (ccq) concept check questions to make sure of delivering the meaning of past tense usage, that an action happened and ended in the past. “Do you think this happened now or in the past?” …. In the past “ “When did they visit Sydney?.. last summer.” “What did they do there?...They walked, stayed…etc.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

*The teacher then reached the marker sentence expressing the tense” Julie and Brian visited Australia last summer.” Then will read the text in the book {Last Summer, Julie and Brian visited Australia. They stayed in a lovely event in Sydney. They visited the Opera House and they walked across The Harbor Bridge. They enjoyed their time there.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

*The teacher then will elicit the form of regular verbs formation: “Julie and Brian visited Australia last summer.” >In the affirmative form: {Subject+ Verb-d/-ed/-ied}. “Julie and Brian didn’t visit Australia last summer.” > In the negative form : { Subject +did+not+ verb(inf)}. “Did they visit Australia last summer? >In the interrogative form: {Did+subject+ verb (inf)…?}. *pronunciation: *The teacher will read the past verbs in the text and the drill the students chorally (the whole class) and then individually. *mode of interaction: T-SSS/ T-S. The teacher writes 3 prompts on the board to explain that the suffix (-ed) is pronounced in three ways. • Pronounced (Id) in verbs ending/t/,/d/. • Ex: start > started. • Pronounced (t) in verbs ending /p/,/k/,/s/,/f/,/Sh/,/tsh/. IPA • Ex: wish> wished • Pronounced (d) in verbs ending in any other sound • Ex: open> opened.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

*controlled practice: *Activity 1: (10mins) *Aim: To give a controlled oral practice in the past simple verb formation. *Mode of interaction: T-S where the teacher is a prompter. * The teacher sticks on the board 2 columns of flashcards, group A includes verbs in the base form and group B includes the suffixes (-d/-ed/-ied). Then each student will match the suitable suffix ending with each verb.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

*Activity 2: (pic2) *Mode of interaction: SSSS , the teacher is monitoring the students’ progress. *The teacher handout worksheets to students where they are asked individually to change verbs from present simple tense into past tense and then check their answers.

Free Practice (20-30 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

*Free practice *Aim: To give freer written practice in using past tense.(fluency) *Mode of interaction: S each student work individually /T-SSSS; teacher is monitoring and supporting students * The teacher tests students’ understanding by setting activities with measurable goals (at least 5 regular verbs). The teacher writes on the board “Write a story about last summer-weekend-last birthday-Christmas…etc or any chosen past event

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