Fernanda Palafox Fernanda Palafox

Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson students will review and practice perfect tenses by listening to an audio to answer a form in pairs to get the marker sentences, Then they will learn meaning, form and pronunciation of the language, afterwards students will answer a google form for control practice and students will have to talk about the language.


Abc Grammar

Main Aims

  • To review and practice perfect tenses.

Subsidiary Aims

  • The students will learn to differentiate between present perfect, past perfect and future perfect.


Exposure (7-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Students will listen to an audio, in pairs they will answer a google form to get the marker sentences, the audio is about three people a woman who has been a teacher for seventy-five years, A woman who had tried to pass her driving test forty-seven times before she passed it last year and a man who has seen 10,000 films and hopes to achieve having seen 20,000 films before he's forty years old. 1. Elsie Gamble... a. Is a teacher for seventy-five years. b. Has been a teacher for more than seventy-five years. c. Was a teacher for seventy-five years. 2. Git Kaur Rhawanda felt really happy because.... a. She's finally passed her driving test. b. She finally passed her driving test. c. She had finally passed her driving test. 3. By the time he's forty, James Hughes hopes he.... a. has seen 20,000 films. b. Will have seen 20,000 films. c. Will see 20,000 films. Answers: 1. b. 2. a. 3. b. When the activity is finished we will discuss their answers in open class feedback.

Highlighting (12-15 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I will begin by explaining the perfect tenses: Present perfect: Structure: Subject + Have/has + main verb in participle. Subject (noun or a pronoun example: I, She, They) In the present perfect the verb "have" is an auxiliary verb, it helps the verb and when spoken "have / has" are often contracted /v/ and /s/ and the main verb in past participle. I will explain that we use the perfect tense when there is a connection between the present and the past using the sentence from the text: "she has been a teacher for more than seventy-five years." Past perfect: Structure: Had + Past Participle/ Had + Adverb + Past Participle 1. She had passed her driving test. 2. She finally passed her driving test. Had is an auxiliary verb so it is usually contracted and connected to the subject as /əd/ "she'd finally passed her driving test" I will explain that we use the past perfect when we talk about two events that happened in the past, when one event happened before the other event. Future perfect: Structure: Will + Have + Past Participle Will and Have are both auxiliary verbs, but as Will is connected to the subject it is often contracted as /əl/ "He'll have seen 20,000 films." I will explain that the future perfect is used when we refer to events that will be finished at a specific point in the future.

Controlled Practice (7-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students will complete practice number two from the textbook in a google forms that I will send in the chat box. Complete the following sentences to make them true for you. 1. I've been___ in this school for ___three years____. 2. ___________ interested in ___________ since _____________. 3. When I woke up this morning my_________ had already ___________. 4. I hope I have learnt to _____________ by the time I'm_____________. 5. I'd never___________ until this year. 6. I haven't ____________ recently. 7. I'd already ______________ when this lesson began. 8. I hope I'll have ______________ by this time next year. 9. When I was _______________ years old, I had never ______________. 10. I'll probably have _____________, by midnight tonight. Students will answer using present, past and future perfect tenses, then they will go into break out rooms and discuss some of their answers and why they used each tense. Cheat sheet: 1. Present Perfect. (have + past participle) 2. Present Perfect. (have + past participle) 3. Past Perfect. (had + past participle) 4. Present Perfect. (have + past participle) 5. Past Perfect. (had + past participle) 6. Present Perfect. (have + past participle) 7. Past Perfect. (had + past participle) 8. Future Perfect. (will + have + past participle) 9. Past Perfect. (had + past participle) 10. Future Perfect. (will + have + past participle)

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

I will send students a link to a Jam board, and ask them to come up with common daily activities and write them down in the board they will have 3 minutes, then I will ask the students how many times they have performed this action since a certain point in time, I will have prepared some of my own to give an example. Brush your teeth. Watch the news. Wash your car.

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