Reyhaneh Reyhaneh

Infinitives with and without "to"
Upper-Intermediate level


Abc Close up handout

Main Aims

  • Introducing various verb patterns to students in the context of talking about families.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Helping students practice speaking in the context of expressing their opinion about rules in a family.


Warmer/Lead-in (5-10 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

1. Ask the students some questions using infinitive with and without "to" about the text they worked on in the last lesson . 2. Write 3 sample sentences on the board from among students' answers to show the 3 verb patterns of: verb+to+infinitive verb+object+to+infinitive verb+object+infinitive

Exposure (2-3 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Ask the students to look at part 2 of the previous text and identify the infinitives with and without "to" and their preceding verbs.

Highlighting (2-3 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Ask them to underline the verbs+their following infinitives in the part 2 of the text.

Clarification (5-6 minutes) • To clarify the 3 verb patterns presented in the warmer stage

Elicit the rules behind the underlined verb patterns from the students by asking them to focus on the different patterns they already found in the text. Note: Students' attention should be drawn to the point that some verbs are followed by both infinitive with and without "to". e.g: John wanted the ground to open and swallow him. John wanted to buy a new car.

Controlled Practice (10-15 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Do the close up activities in the hand out one by one with the active participation of the students.

Free Practice (6-8 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

1. Ask the students to think about some of the rules their parents applied to them at the childhood in pairs. 2. Ask them to share their thoughts with the class using the 3 verb patterns they already practiced.

Web site designed by: Nikue