Upper Elementary level
By the end of the lesson, students will have learned how to form and use imperatives for providing friendly advice and practiced in pairs and group in the context of a conversation about keeping fit based on a reading text in the coursebook.
To enable students to practise their fluency speaking skills and extend their lexical range using positive and negative imperatives such as "Walk your dog every day", "Don't eat junk food" by giving advice to each other about ways to keep fit.
Procedure (33-43 minutes)
I will start this lesson with a short video of an old Australian commercial promoting fitness. Students will think about what this video is about and how many base verbs they can recognize. Students will then discuss this in pairs in break out rooms for about 2 minutes followed by a quick OCFB.
Gist Task Show a conversation adapted from the text on P.80 of the coursebook with the TL using Google Forms and Ss answer one context question. Intensive Task (multiple choice questions that help learners notice the TL). Ss read the text and answer individually using Google Forms. They then compare answers in pairs (breakout rooms) followed by quick OCFB.
Meaning We use imperatives to issue orders and commands (Sit down!) or warnings (Run!), provide instructions (Add water), give directions (Turn left), and provide friendly advice or suggestions (Walk your dog!). (Positive) - Walk your dog everyday. - Go swimming sometimes. We sometimes use the positive form of imperatives to provide friendly advice or suggestions, but it is stronger than “How about you walk your dog everyday?” or “You should go swimming sometimes.” It is saying that you really should do something. (Negative) - Don’t eat junk food. - Don’t drink beer everyday. We use the negative contraction “don’t” to tell someone not to do something in a friendly manner. “Do not (eat junk food) sounds more like an order than friendly advice maybe because more emphasis is put on “do not” than “don’t”. Is this asking someone to do something? No Is this giving friendly advice? Yes Does he have to walk his dog everyday? No Form Form Positive Imperatives Base Verb without subject (pronoun or noun) Walk your dog everyday. Base verb + adjective + noun + adjective Go swimming sometimes. Base verb + noun (gerund) + adjectives Negative Imperatives Don’t (contraction) + base verb without subject (pronoun or noun) Don’t eat junk food. Contraction (do not) + base verb + noun Don’t drink beer everyday. Contraction (do not) + base verb + noun + adjective Form Positive Imperatives Base Verb without subject (pronoun or noun) Walk your dog everyday. Base verb + adjective + noun + adjective Go swimming sometimes. Base verb + noun (gerund) + adjectives Negative Imperatives Don’t (contraction) + base verb without subject (pronoun or noun) Don’t eat junk food. Contraction (do not) + base verb + noun Don’t drink beer everyday. Contraction (do not) + base verb + noun + adjective CCQs: Can we say “You walk your dog everyday?” No Do we say “Do not drink beer every day?” No Pronunciation O O Walk your dog everyday. wɔːk jə dɒg ˈɛvrɪdeɪ. O O O Go swimming sometimes. gəʊ ˈswɪmɪŋ ˈsʌmtaɪmz O Don’t eat junk food. dəʊnt iːt ʤʌŋk fuːd. O O Don’t drink beer everyday. dəʊnt drɪŋk bɪər ˈɛvrɪdeɪ. Appropriacy Briefly discuss when it is appropriate and not appropriate to use imperatives using slides and demonstrating different pronunciation and intonation.
Gap-Fill I will adapt the items in ex. 4 on P.51 of the WB on Google Docs. Ss will do this individually and then check in pairs in breakout rooms followed by OCFB.
Ss to think of four more ways to get fit for a friend in pair/groups in break out room followed by OCFB and DEC.