Rebekah Blackburn Rebekah Blackburn

Grammar, modals of speculation (past time) TP 6!
Intermediate level


In this lesson SS will learn how to use the TL, modals of speculation (past time). They will learn more how to use the words, might (not), must (not) and could (not) have + past participle. They will practice in this lesson, through doing different worksheets, and controlled, semi-controlled and free practices in the class.


Abc Work sheet from Straight Forward Book, pg. 101, ex 1
Abc Worksheet from book, Ex. 1 from 10B, pg. 51
Abc Your own paper of the form
Abc pictures for passing around

Main Aims

  • To provide practice of Modals of speculation (past time) in the context of must/not, might/not, could/not through speaking activities, worksheets and controlled as well as free practice.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of modals of speculation (past time) in the context of must/not, might/not, could/not, through speaking activities, worksheets, and controlled and freer practices.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students through the picture of the girls on WB

Draw a picture of two girls, looking upset. "What could have happened here with these two girls?" "What could one of the girls have said?" "What might the other girl have said back?" Elicit from the SS. Start writing key words on WB. Draw another picture of them shaking hands and smiling. "What must have happened? (more sure)" "What could not have happened?" "What must not have happened (sure)?" "What could they have said to each other?" WRITE THE FORM ON WB. DRILL WITH SS :) SENTENCES. DRILL WORDS TOGETHER, THEN SENTENCES.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

WS from book, pg. 101. Ex. 1. (only that copy) Explain instructions SLOWLY and CLEARLY: "Read these Newspaper headlines, and read the 6 sentences after. Try and match which sentence goes with each headline." 2 min Elicit from a few. Transition --"Now, rewrite those six sentences beginning with the words provided, using modal verbs." Example. "They couldn't have come from a zoo." / "They must not have come from a zoo." **COMPARE with your partners please.*** 2 min Elicit from a few. DRILL and PRONOUNCE, SHOW STRESS MARKS. "Now with your partners, practice these sentences to each other, and use different modal verbs to explain the title, negative and positive." 1 min -note errors if errors, correct. WB. Drill. TRANSITION, "Now let's listen and see what really happened in these stories. (2.21-2.24) ___ min?

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Hand out your own papers of form. Hand out pictures of different people and situations/jobs/lifestyles. "With your partners, please share what you think about each person and what they do in their lives, what their job might be, what they must be like...please use modal verbs!" Switch pictures after each time... listen and note errors, etc...if they have open. 5 min

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language (must, might (not), could (not))

I will put different pictures on the wall, of different situations. As an example, I will first ask the class, pointing to a picture (that is more certain) "Do you use must, might, or could for this person and what he is doing?" Next picture, next picture. **check their understanding. " CCQ's. Group people differently, tell them with someone different. "Now, out of your seats please, go around the room and decide whether each picture you would use must, might or could (or negative). Pick someone to go to each picture with. Go in groups of two or three. Take turns speaking. 5-6 min

Controlled Practice -- Worksheet from book, pg. 51. Story. (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and make sure the students understand how and where to use the TL

Show Ss the worksheet, "Read this story, and with these words in the box, choose which ones fit best in each blank. Work on these by yourself please." 3-5 minutes. Monitor? "Now compare with partners, say each sentence with the word you chose, do not just say the word. When you say it you can also check to see if it sounds correct with the sentence." Elicit. 2-3. or all if time.

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

I will number out groups (1,2,3), and give each pair a situation to act out. "You guys act what you have, and the other pair has to say sentences using the modal verbs, guessing what they are acting." Do an example. "Make up your own" change groups. 5 min?

Free Practice (3-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

IF I have time,!!!!! --- " Back to your seats, now each of you, please draw 5 pictures, and then make 5 sentences of what could have happened. Use modal verbs and negative and positive." Share with your partners. Do example on board. 2-3-4 min elicit a few.

Web site designed by: Nikue