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Expressing habit,TP8,Grammar Lesson

Description

In this lesson, students will practice the usage of " used to " regarding repeated past events. Also, they will be introduced to "would" and they will be shown the similarities and differences between the both.

Materials

Abc PowerPoint slides(teacher made)
Abc Headway Upper-intermediate ( Liz &John Soars,Sue Merifield)

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of used to and would in the context of their routines and habits in the past, regular actions in the past

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification of the subtle difference between "used to" and "would" in the context of past actions and states
  • To provide ‘accuracy’ speaking practice in a discussion in the context of asking and answering questions about themselves.
  • To provide ‘fluency’ speaking practice in a discussion in the context of asking and answering questions about themselves.

Procedure

Warmer/Lead-in (5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

-T writes three sentences about yourself using “used to”, 2 true and 1 lie. -T tries to write 2 with state verbs and 1 with an action verb like this: 1. I used to have shoulder length hair. 2. I used to dance ballet when I was a child. 3. I used to be a builder before I was a teacher. -Ss guess which one event didn't happened. -T puts ss in BORs to iscuss and find the lie.PW, Have Ss practice to ask " Did you use to....? -T answers and if not let them try to guess which event that didn't happened in the past. -T tells them the answer.

Exposure (5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

-T shows again sentences and asks 'What does used to mean here? A past state or habit which is not true now'.-T gets Ss to discuss the sentences try to find out the differences. -Choral drill pronunciation: use to and would (modal verb) /ˈjuːst tuː/ /wʊd/ -T also goes over the pronunciation of the word "used" which may be problematic at first, emphasizing that there is only one syllable though choral drilling.CCQs for this stage: Do we use past participle after "used to" and "would"? "no" Do we use the base form of the verb after "used to" and "would"? "yes"

Clarification (10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

-T shows meaning and form. -T elicits answers from Ss. -T asks, "When do we use used to?" "When do we use would?" "What is the difference?". "What is a past habit?" "What is a past state?". T writes on the slide "used to (do)" and "would" explaining that these can both be used to describe events from the past. -T uses a time line, showing the past up to now, clearly illustrating that these events no longer happen in the present tense.-And also T tries to highlight difference between the meaning of 'actin verb' and 'state verb'.-T shows example sentences such as, "I used to live in Chicago, when I was a kid." -T asks, "Is this a past action or state?". -T Elicits answers. -T Shows 4/5 sentences with missing grammar and gets Ss to elicit the correct answers using used to or would.-T asks to Ss what do they think that sentence means.

Controlled Practice (10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

-T focuses students on the photo and asks what they can see. -Then They read the text. -T checks the meaning of creep (crept) and carefree. -T focuses students’ attention on the verbs in italics and elicit the answer to the questions.-Ss try to find state verbs and action verbs. -T monitors to make WC error corrections if needed. In their pairs, students discuss how to use the verbs. -With a weaker group,T elicits or reminds them that used to and would express habit and cannot be used for single actions. Also T elicits that would cannot be used with state verbs.-T goes through the answers.ICQs for this stage: Will you do it alone? "yes" Will you check it with your partner? "yes" CCQs for this stage: Did we do the action in the past for a while? "yes" Was it a past habit? "yes" Are we doing it now? "no"T. checks the answers with the whole class.

Semi-Controlled Practice (7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

-T shows the text' slide again.-In their pairs, students discuss how to use the verbs.-Ss discuss how to rewrite the text with using 'Used To' and 'Would' -T Focuses attention on the example.-T puts ss in BORs.-T T monitors and assists when necessary. -With a weaker group, t elicits or reminds them that used to and would express habit and cannot be used for single actions. Also elicits that would cannot be used with state verbs. -In mainroom,T goes through the answers.

Free Practice (8 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

-T displays (slide) asking the Ss to write three past habits about themselves ( 2 true and untrue). -T asks Ss to discuss and figure out which ones are true and which ones are untrue in breakout rooms. -T gets feedback.

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